Flashcards in R1: Chap 1&2 Deck (11)
Explain Interdependence theory, comparison level and comparison level alternatives.
- theory is framed in terms of rewards that partners can provide each other in different types of situations.
- Relationship evaluations are made on the consistency b/w perception of rewards in relations to two standards;
• expectations about what benefits are deserved (comparison level)
• perceived quality of available alternative partners or rships (comparison level alternatives)
- if perceived rewards are higher than CL or CLalt = satisfied
- if below = unsatisfied, less committed
- theory also discusses the mutual influence b/w partners and interpersonal attributions
What is evoked culture?
Term coined by Tooby and Cosmides referring to aspects of culture that are actually products of evolutionary adaptations evoked by different social or physical environments
Derived from the part of interdependence theory that describes forms of dyadic influence, this term reefers to a situation in which influence or power is dominated by one partner
Derived from the part of interdependence theory that describes forms of dyadic influence, referring to a situation in which both partners exercise power over a decision or behavioural interaction
In sexual selection contexts this principle holds that males who can afford to maintain exaggerated, costly ornaments or behaviour, honestly signal to females they are healthy specimens with good genes
Life history theory
A group of theories seeking to explain the evolutionary roots of differences in developmental pathways across the lifespan both across and within species
Important assumption of evolutionary psychology, holding that the human mind is composed of many independent modules that have evolved to deal with specific problems encountered on the Pleistocene.
Parental investment theory
Trivers, predicts the sex making the larger investment in nurturing and protecting offspring will be more discriminating in mating, and that the sex investing less in offspring will compete for access to the higher-investing sex
Sex differences in species of size, ornamentation, and behaviour.
Describes which features of the organism have evolved as a function of mate choice by females and/or males