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Explain Interdependence theory, comparison level and comparison level alternatives.

- theory is framed in terms of rewards that partners can provide each other in different types of situations.
- Relationship evaluations are made on the consistency b/w perception of rewards in relations to two standards;
• expectations about what benefits are deserved (comparison level)
• perceived quality of available alternative partners or rships (comparison level alternatives)
- if perceived rewards are higher than CL or CLalt = satisfied
- if below = unsatisfied, less committed
- theory also discusses the mutual influence b/w partners and interpersonal attributions

1

What is evoked culture?

Term coined by Tooby and Cosmides referring to aspects of culture that are actually products of evolutionary adaptations evoked by different social or physical environments

2

Fate control

Derived from the part of interdependence theory that describes forms of dyadic influence, this term reefers to a situation in which influence or power is dominated by one partner

3

Behavioural control

Derived from the part of interdependence theory that describes forms of dyadic influence, referring to a situation in which both partners exercise power over a decision or behavioural interaction

4

Handicap principle

In sexual selection contexts this principle holds that males who can afford to maintain exaggerated, costly ornaments or behaviour, honestly signal to females they are healthy specimens with good genes

5

Life history theory

A group of theories seeking to explain the evolutionary roots of differences in developmental pathways across the lifespan both across and within species

6

Modularity

Important assumption of evolutionary psychology, holding that the human mind is composed of many independent modules that have evolved to deal with specific problems encountered on the Pleistocene.

7

Parental investment theory

Trivers, predicts the sex making the larger investment in nurturing and protecting offspring will be more discriminating in mating, and that the sex investing less in offspring will compete for access to the higher-investing sex

8

Sexual dimorphism

Sex differences in species of size, ornamentation, and behaviour.

9

Sexual selection

Describes which features of the organism have evolved as a function of mate choice by females and/or males

10

Transmitted culture

Aspects of culture that are maintained over time because they are communicated across individuals and down generations