Week 9: L2: Emotional Intelligence In Relationships Flashcards Preview

PSY350 > Week 9: L2: Emotional Intelligence In Relationships > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 9: L2: Emotional Intelligence In Relationships Deck (12)
Loading flashcards...
0

Ability model of EI

- ability construct (like IQ)
- max-performance tests
- correlates with IQ
Ability to
- perceive emotions in oneself and others accurately
- use emotions to facilitate thinking
- understand emotions, emotional language, and signals conveyed by emotion
- manage emotions as to attain specific goals

1

Trait model of EI

- dimensional personality construct
- typical-performance tests
- correlates with FFM factors
- emotional self-efficacy, or "emotion-related dispositions and self-perceptions"
- different facets depending on the specific measurement scale used

2

EI and relationships

- emotional expression crucial, expressive partners happier
- individuals EI associated with own relationship satisfaction
- fictional partners EI-relevant skills and traits rated most desirable
- EI predicts love towards one's partner
- 2 spouses with low EI experience substantially lower marital satisfaction than at least one high EI
- EI associated with social functioning in adolescents

3

Perception of emotion

- capacity to recognize emotion in others' facial and postural expressions
- perception of emotion positively predicted relationship well-being
- negative affect reciprocity / reciprocal feedback b/w satisfaction and perception of emotion
• If satisfied, more likely to attend to content of repair phrases rather than negative affectivity during argument
• if unsatisfied, more likely to attend to negative tone then content

4

Using emotion to facilitate thought

- lack of research: operationalisation? Covered by empathy research
- relationship b/w EI and empathy
- empathy linked to relationship satisfaction
• empathic traits affect rship satisfaction via social behaviors
• perceived empathy and rship satisfaction

5

Understanding emotions (within context of EI

- capacity to analyse, appreciate trends, understand outcomes
- emotion clarity neg related to perceiving partners support style as critical
- emotion knowledge predicted social competence in pre-schoolers

6

Managing emotions (ER)

- cognitive reappraisal associated with better recall of facts of conversation; suppression associated w memory of emotional experience during conversation
- reappraisal intervention predicts marital quality 1 yr later
- sacrifice-related suppression predicted decrease in rship satisfaction 3 months later (interdependence plays a role)
- managing others emotions predicted team cohesion via effective communication
- emotion regulation knowledge increased association b/w machiavellianism and interpersonal deviance
- co-regulation: interpersonal or social affect regulation

7

Trait EI and rships

- imagine diff associations with rships than ability EI
- being personality construct, would assume it impacts upon perceptions of rships (satisfaction), as opposed to specific behaviors

8

Trait EI research

- participants and partners EI related to marital satisfaction
- own EI predicts rship satisfaction 1 yr later (but not partners)
- high-EI girls rated as more pro-Social in adolescence

9

Associations b/w rship satisfaction and perceptions of partners EI score

- satisfied ppl more likely to have higher EI, and view partners as having higher EI
- satisfied couples more likely to rate partners EI as more similar to their own

10

Correlates of trait EI

- social skills
- self-monitoring
- cooperation
- inclusion and affection in close rships

11

Methodological considerations in trait EI research

- importance of considering multiple factors in emotion-rship research
• greater consideration of partner, longitudinal studies, mediating variables
- distinction b/w ability and trait models of EI
• different theoretical underpinnings
• difference in speciality of hypotheses