Reading: Harmony, Texture, Tonality, and Mode Flashcards Preview

J - MUSIC 101 > Reading: Harmony, Texture, Tonality, and Mode > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reading: Harmony, Texture, Tonality, and Mode Deck (20):
1

Harmony

The simultaneous sounding of different pitches, or chords.

2

Harmonize

To provide each note of a melody with a chord.

3

Chord

A group of pitches played and heard simultaneously.

4

Consonance

Intervals or chords that sound relatively stable and free of tension, as opposed to dissonance.

5

Dissonance

Intervals or chords that sound relatively tense and unstable, in opposition to consonance.

6

Texture

The blend of the various sounds and melodic lines occurring simultaneously in a piece of music.

7

Monophony, Monophonic

A musical texture involving a single melodic line, as in Gregorian chant; as opposed to polyphony.

8

Homophony, Homophonic

A musical texture that involves only one melody of real interest, combined with chords or other subsidiary sounds.

9

Polyphony, Polyphonic

Musical texture in which two or more melodic lines are played or sung simultaneously, as opposed to homophony or monophony.

10

Counterpoint, Contrapuntal

1. Polyphony; strictly speaking, the technique of writing polyphonic music; 2. the term a counterpoint is used for a melodic line that forms polyphony when played along with other lines; 3. in counterpoint means "forming polyphony."

11

Imitation, Imitative Polyphony, Imitative Counterpoint

A polyphonic musical texture in which the various melodic lines use approximately the same themes as opposed to non-imitative polyphony. See also point of imitation.

12

Non-Imitative Polyphony

A polyphonic musical texture in which the melodic lines are essentially different from one another, as opposed to imitative polyphony.

13

Tonality, Tonal

The feeling of centrality of one note *and its chord) to a passage of music as opposed to atonality.

14

Tonic

In final music, the central-sounding note.

15

Mode, Modality

In music since the Renaissance, one of the two types of tonality: major mode or minor mode; (also, in earlier times, one of several orientations of the diatonic scale with D, E, F, and G as tonics.)

16

Major Mode

One of the modes of the diatonic scale, oriented around C as the tonic characterized by the interval between the first and third notes containing four semitones, as opposed to three in the minor mode.

17

Minor Mode

One of the modes of the diatonic scale, oriented around A as the tonic; characterized by the interval between the first and third notes containing three semitones, as opposed to four in the major mode.

18

Key

One of the twelve positions for the major and minor scales made possible by using all the notes of the chromatic scale.

19

Modulation

Changing key within a piece.

20

Point of Imitation

A short passage of imitative polyphony based on a single theme, or on two used together.

Decks in J - MUSIC 101 Class (63):