Recognising Anxiety and Depression Flashcards Preview

MD1 Neuroscience > Recognising Anxiety and Depression > Flashcards

Flashcards in Recognising Anxiety and Depression Deck (16):
1

What is anxiety?

Unpleasant subjective/inner state of turmoil/dread over something unlikely to happen

2

How is anxiety different to fear?

Fear = response to real/perceived immediate threat, whereas anxiety = anticipatory

3

What are some physical symptoms of anxiety?

Increased RR
Sweating
Increased HR
Nausea
Feeling faint

4

What are some cognitive symptoms of anxiety?

Poor concentration
Guilt
Uncontrollable worry/rumination
Extreme/irrational thinking
Feeling easily fatigued
Sleep disturbance

5

What are some affective symptoms of anxiety?

Intense fear
Panic/impending doom
Uneasiness
Apprehension/nervousness
Feeling of being out of your control

6

What are some behavioural symptoms of anxiety?

Fidgeting
Pacing
Restlessness
Agitation
Irritability
Tense posture
Nervous habits

7

How do you differentiate between normal and abnormal anxiety?

Responses/emotions > out of proportion
Thoughts that can't be reasoned away
Thoughts characterised by catastrophic/extreme thinking
Behaviour beyond voluntary control
Avoidance of feared situation

8

What are the key differences between an exaggerated fear response and an abnormal one?

Persistence of fear over time
Recognition by person that fear excessive/unreasonable
Associated avoidant behavioural response
Significant interference of fear in activities of daily life

9

What are some anxiety disorders?

Separation anxiety disorder
Selective mutism
Specific phobia
Social anxiety disorder
Panic disorder
Agoraphobia
Generalised anxiety disorder
Substance/medication-induced anxiety disorder
Anxiety disorder due to another medical condition
Other and unspecified anxiety disorder

10

When might anxiety be relevant to clinical practice?

Treatment avoidance
Denial
Somatic symptoms

11

What are some options for managing an anxious response?

Relaxation training
Psychological referral
Psychopharmacology

12

What are the two symptoms of which at least one has to be present in the last two weeks for a diagnosis of major depression?

Depressed mood
Loss of interest or pleasure

13

Is depression higher in patient populations compared to the general population?

Yes

14

What are the psychosocial factors contributing to post-stroke depression?

Reduced ability to engage in social activities
Loss of life roles
Communication deficits
Sense of loss of control over one's life

15

What are the neurobiological factors contributing to post-stroke depression?

Lesion location
Proinflammatory cytokines

16

Is there a genetic component to post-stroke depression?

Yes

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