Flashcards in Recognising Anxiety and Depression Deck (16):
What is anxiety?
Unpleasant subjective/inner state of turmoil/dread over something unlikely to happen
How is anxiety different to fear?
Fear = response to real/perceived immediate threat, whereas anxiety = anticipatory
What are some physical symptoms of anxiety?
What are some cognitive symptoms of anxiety?
Feeling easily fatigued
What are some affective symptoms of anxiety?
Feeling of being out of your control
What are some behavioural symptoms of anxiety?
How do you differentiate between normal and abnormal anxiety?
Responses/emotions > out of proportion
Thoughts that can't be reasoned away
Thoughts characterised by catastrophic/extreme thinking
Behaviour beyond voluntary control
Avoidance of feared situation
What are the key differences between an exaggerated fear response and an abnormal one?
Persistence of fear over time
Recognition by person that fear excessive/unreasonable
Associated avoidant behavioural response
Significant interference of fear in activities of daily life
What are some anxiety disorders?
Separation anxiety disorder
Social anxiety disorder
Generalised anxiety disorder
Substance/medication-induced anxiety disorder
Anxiety disorder due to another medical condition
Other and unspecified anxiety disorder
When might anxiety be relevant to clinical practice?
What are some options for managing an anxious response?
What are the two symptoms of which at least one has to be present in the last two weeks for a diagnosis of major depression?
Loss of interest or pleasure
Is depression higher in patient populations compared to the general population?
What are the psychosocial factors contributing to post-stroke depression?
Reduced ability to engage in social activities
Loss of life roles
Sense of loss of control over one's life
What are the neurobiological factors contributing to post-stroke depression?