Flashcards in Memory Disorders Deck (37):
Does subject complaint predict memory performance?
Not necessarily, but may pre-date formal deficits in some cases of dementia
Processes used to acquire, store, retain, and retrieve information
What often accompanies profound anterograde amnesia?
Retrograde amnesia; eg: post traumatic amnesia
What is short-term memory?
What is working memory?
Manipulation of immediate memory
How can immediate memory be measured?
What is long-term memory?
Storing info over mins, hrs, years for later retrieval
How can long-term memory be measured?
List learning retrieval
What type of memory does anterograde amnesia affect: short-term or long-term?
What are the types of declarative memory?
What are the types of non-declarative memory?
Skills and habits
What is procedural memory?
Long-term, implicit memory
What type of memory often breaks down: declarative or non-declarative?
What is episodic memory?
Autobiographical - events in personal context
What is semantic memory?
General facts not specified to individual
What is the structure of declarative memory?
What is the entorhinal cortex?
Gateway into hippocampus
Where does disease progression affecting declarative memory often start?
What does the perirhinal cortex do?
Linked to object knowledge and recognition
What does the parahippocampal region do?
Involved in spatial memory
What does damage to the parahippocampal region cause?
What does damage to different parts of the hippocampus cause?
Slightly different presentations of memory loss
What is the dentate gyrus on the hippocampus responsible for?
What is CA1 in the hippocampus very susceptible to?
What is the left hippocampus more lateralised to do?
- List learning
- Paired associate learning
- Story recall
What is the right hippocampus more lateralised to do?
- Visuo-spatial associations
- Face recall
What are some causes of memory impairment?
What are the episodic memory structures in the midline?
Mesial temporal region
What is transient global amnesia?
Anterograde amnesia for
What precipitates transient global amnesia?
- Sexual intercourse
- Immersion in cold water
- Emotional stress
Is there a disruption to self-identity in transient global amnesia?
What is the underlying cause of transient global amnesia?
What is the most common cause of dementia?
When does Alzheimer's disease usually start?
What is mild cognitive impairment?
Transition phase between normal ageing and dementia
What are the clinical signs of mild cognitive impairment?
Self-reported memory complaint
Objective memory impairment
Unaffected general cognitive functioning
Normal capacity to perform activities of daily living