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A2 Religious Studies > Religious Conscience > Flashcards

Flashcards in Religious Conscience Deck (7)
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1

St. Augustine views on conscience (4)

1. It is innate.
2. It is God given.
3. It is the voice of God speaking to us.
4. It is God's moral law written on our heart.

2

Aquinas views on conscience (4)

1. Conscience is the power of reason.
2. Two parts to moral decisions: synderesis and consientia.
3. Thinks people tend towards good and away from evil.
4. Thinks evil is people make a mistake made by pursuing something that seemed good but wasn’t, so their conscience was mistaken.

3

What is synderisis?

The awareness that it is moral to do good and avoid evil.

4

What is consientia?

This distinguishes between right and wrong and makes the moral decision.

5

Butler views on conscience (4)

1. Conscience drives us towards benevolence (loving others).
2. It is God given.
3. It is innate.
4. It should always be obeyed and is the final moral decision maker.

6

Macquarrie views on conscience (3)

Thinks there are 3 types:
- Wresting with a particular decision.
- Synderesis (a general knowledge of right and wrong).
- Conscience as a special and fundamental self awareness of how things are.

7

Freud views on conscience (3)

- Believes there is the ego, superego and the id.
- Thinks the super ego develops when young to try and please others and not face disapproval from others.
- The ego is more mature and rational and tries to help to deal with real world.