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Flashcards in Review outline Deck (15)
1

Each block of protein is joined by a 

peptide bond

2

What are the building blocks of protein

amino acids

3

What are amino acids composed of?

Carbon

Hydrogen

Oxygen

Nitrogen

4

Where is the sequence for proteins carried?

in the DNA

DNA tells the body how to make the proteins it needs

5

What determines an amino acids properties?

Amino acid sequence

6

What determines a protein's function?

A proteins shaped (coled, foiled, etc.)

7

What are proteins broken down into?

Broken down by enzymes into amino acids and dipeptides

they cannot be absorbed whole

8

Protein's main function

Provide essential amino acids we cant make and to provide a source of nitrogen for the amino acids the body can make

9

Antigens

foreign proteins

10

Antibodies

proteins that your body makes to attack antigens

11

How much of the body's energy is derived from protein

10%

12

High-quality proteins

Dietary proteins that contain all nine essential amino acids

13

Low-quality proteins

Dietary proteins that are missing one or more essential amino acids

14

Complementary proteins

Two or more food protein sources that together make up for the lack of an essential amino acid

Examples: rice and beans, corn and beans, peanut butter and bread

15