Chapter 8 - Eating Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 - Eating Disorders Deck (43)
1

Eating disorders are what?

psychological disorders

2

What contains the diagnostic criteria which define eating disorders?

The Diagnostic and Statistical manual (DSM) of the American Psychological Association

3

What are eating disorders a phenomenon of?

Affluent societies

4

Satiety

The sense of satisfaction or fullness after a meal that signals we've had enough

5

Normal eating

The appropriate response to need - eat when hungry

6

anorexia nervosa

An eating disorder characterized by starving behavior, being underweight, and amenorrhea

7

Binge

To eat an excessively large amount of food within a discrete period of time, usually considered to be about two hours

8

Binge eating disorder

An eating disorder characterized by binging, without any purging or restriction

9

bulimia nervosa

An eating disorder characterized by binging and purging or other compensatory behaviors such as fasting or excessive exercise

10

Purging

An inapproriate attempt to compensate for overeating through the use of vomiting, laxative abuse, diuretics, or excessive exercise

11

What are the origins of eating disorders?

The dynamics of family, individual, and personality

12

What is the highest incidence of eating disorders?

middle and upper class white females

13

Psychological factors that increase chances of eating disorders

Depression

Anxiety

Physical or sexual abuse

Substance abuse - and bulimia nervosa

Perfectionism

14

Neurotransmitters in Anorexia and Bulimia

Serotonin and norepinephrine tend to be lower

cortisol (stress) - higher

15

First degree relatives of people with anorexia

Have an increased risk of anorexia nervosa and mood disorders such as depression

16

First degree relatives of people with bulimia 

Have an increased risk of bulimia nervosa, mood disorders, and substance abuse

17

Emotional eating

Eating disorders represent a way to meet emotional needs through eating behavior

18

disordered eating

practices that lie between normal and clinical eating

19

Obesity is found where?

In parents and siblings or people with bulimia

20

relationship between bulimia nervosa and...

substance abuse

21

Distorted body image especially common in what eating disorder?

Anorexia

22

Sports with high incidence of eating disorders

Women: gymnastics, ballet, and distance running

Men: wrestling

23

muscle dysmorphism

The overwhelming drive to get big muscles

24

prostate

the gland that mixes fluid with sperm to form semen

enlarged in males taking steroids

25

gynecomastia

Increase in nipple and breast size

result of steroids in men

26

Restricting time of anorexia

People will starve themselves

pure starvation

27

amenorrhea

The cessation of normal menstrual cycles

28

Age onset of anorexia nervosa

usually early adolescence

29

Risk of mortality in people of anorexia nervosa

5-10 percent

30

hypothermia

Low body temperature

Skipping meals results in this

31

Lunago

Fine, downy hair development over the body in anorexia

32

Arrhythmia

Loss of heart rhythm; cardiac arrhythmia can result in heart failure

Result of electrolyte imbalances

33

Binge

The consumption of a large amount of food in a discrete period of time (2 hours)

34

Tables on page 186

Study them

35

Binging boosts what?

serotonin

36

Carboyhudrate in meal provokes...

the release of insulin, which drives the transport of tryptophan into the brain - precursor of serotonin

37

Hyperthermia

High body temperature

a result of binging

38

Purging type of bulimia

self-induced vomiting, laxative abuse, or the use of diuretics or enemas to lose weight

39

Non-purging type of bulimia

engages in fasting or excessive exercise

40

disinhibition

a loss of whatever psychological restraints were holding them back from binging

41

Age onset for bulimia nervosa

late adolescence to early adulthood

42

Female athlete triad

Combination of disordered eating, amenorrhea, and premature osteoporosis

43