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Flashcards in Section 1 Deck (98)
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1

Name a few ways animals benefit humans.

Food, fuel, shelter, recreation, pharmaceutical etc...

2

What is the definition of domestication of animals?

Bringing wild animals under the control of humans and eventually improve the species by selection, mating, and handling.

3

What is the goal of domesticating animals?

Provide improved products and services for humans

4

What species did the dog come from?

Wolf

5

Advantages of dogs

Hunting, work, protection, company

6

Scientific name of sheep

Ovis Aries

7

What climate are goats most effective at?

Hot climates

8

Scientific name of pig

Sus scrofa domesticus

9

About how many years ago were pigs domesticated and from what species

8000-9000 European wild pig

10

How much of an animal is used in slaughter?

All of it

11

What were cattle derived from?

Bos primigenius

12

Where did Bos primigenius originate and where was the last one killed?

Originated in: Europe
Killed: Poland

13

What are the two different species of cattle

Bos indicus
Bos Taurus

14

Where did Bos indicus originate?

India

15

Describe a Bos indicus

Hump/big ears and loose skin

16

Where would you find Bos indicus in the us

Mainly in the southwest

17

Where would one find Bos Taurus In us

Northwestern area

18

What is the scientific name of a horse

Equus caballus

19

Why was a horse not domesticated first

Harder to catch
???

20

Scientific name of a chicken

Gallus domesticus

21

How many years ago were chickens domesticated
And from what

7500-8000 years ago from jungle fowl

22

When were aquaculture domesticated

They weren't domesticated they were farmed

23

What is the definition of agriculture

Utilization of biological processes to produce food, fiber and other products useful for humans

24

What's another name for the land grant college act of 1862

The morrill act

25

Who sponsored the morrill act?

Justin smith morrill

26

What did the morrill act propose

That federal owned land be sold and the proceeds used to establish at least one college in each state

27

When was the morrill act passed

1862

28

What is the morrill act Based on

The northwest ordinance passed in 1787 authorizing sale of public lands for support of education

29

How many acres donated to each state

30,000 acres (for each member of congress donated to each state

30

What is the morrill act to be used for

For the endowment, support, and maintenance of at least one college