Flashcards in Section 1 Deck (98)
Name a few ways animals benefit humans.
Food, fuel, shelter, recreation, pharmaceutical etc...
What is the definition of domestication of animals?
Bringing wild animals under the control of humans and eventually improve the species by selection, mating, and handling.
What is the goal of domesticating animals?
Provide improved products and services for humans
What species did the dog come from?
Advantages of dogs
Hunting, work, protection, company
Scientific name of sheep
What climate are goats most effective at?
Scientific name of pig
Sus scrofa domesticus
About how many years ago were pigs domesticated and from what species
8000-9000 European wild pig
How much of an animal is used in slaughter?
All of it
What were cattle derived from?
Where did Bos primigenius originate and where was the last one killed?
Originated in: Europe
What are the two different species of cattle
Where did Bos indicus originate?
Describe a Bos indicus
Hump/big ears and loose skin
Where would you find Bos indicus in the us
Mainly in the southwest
Where would one find Bos Taurus In us
What is the scientific name of a horse
Why was a horse not domesticated first
Harder to catch
Scientific name of a chicken
How many years ago were chickens domesticated
And from what
7500-8000 years ago from jungle fowl
When were aquaculture domesticated
They weren't domesticated they were farmed
What is the definition of agriculture
Utilization of biological processes to produce food, fiber and other products useful for humans
What's another name for the land grant college act of 1862
The morrill act
Who sponsored the morrill act?
Justin smith morrill
What did the morrill act propose
That federal owned land be sold and the proceeds used to establish at least one college in each state
When was the morrill act passed
What is the morrill act Based on
The northwest ordinance passed in 1787 authorizing sale of public lands for support of education
How many acres donated to each state
30,000 acres (for each member of congress donated to each state