Social Thinking Flashcards Preview

MCAT Pysch/Soc > Social Thinking > Flashcards

Flashcards in Social Thinking Deck (51)
1

interpersonal attraction

what makes people like each other and is influenced by multiple factors.

2

golden ratio

?

3

self - disclosure

includes hearing fears, thoughts, and goals with another person and being met with empathy and nonjudgement

4

reciprocity

we like people who we think like us

5

proximity

being physically close to someone

6

aggression

a physical, verbal or nonverbal behavior with the intention to cause hard or increase social dominance

7

attachment

an emotional bond to another person, and usually refers to the bond between a child and a caregiver.

8

secure attachement

requires a consistent caregiver so the child is able to go out and explore knowing he or she has a secure base to return to; the child will show strong preference for the caregiver

9

avoidant attachment

occurs when a caregiver has little or not response to a distressed, crying child; the child shows no preference for the caregiver compared to strangers

10

ambivalent attachement

occurs when a caregiver has an inconsistent response to a child's distress, sometimes responding appropriately, some times neglectful the child will become distressed when caregiver leaves and is ambivalent when they return.

11

disorganized attachment

occurs when a caregiver is erratic or abusive; the child shows no clear pattern of behavior in response to the caregivers absence or presence and may show repetitive behaviors

12

social support

the perception or reality that one is cared for by a social network

13

emotional support

includes listening to, affirming and empathizing with someones feelings

14

esteem support

affirms the qualities and skills of the person

15

material support

providing physical or monetary resources to aid a person

16

informational support

providing useful information to a person

17

network support

providing a sense of belonging to a person

18

foraging

searching for and exploiting food resources

19

mating system

f

20

monogamy

f

21

polygame

f

22

promisciuity

f

23

mate choies (intersexual selection)

f

24

altruism

f

25

game theory

f

26

inclusive fitness

f

27

social perception (social cognition)

f

28

implicit personality theory

f

29

primacy effect

f

30

recency effect

f

31

reliance on central traits

f

32

halo effect

f

33

just-world hypothesis

f

34

self-serving bias

f

35

attribution theory

f

36

dispositional (internal)

f

37

situational (external)

f

38

correspondent inference theory

f

39

fundamental attribution error

f

40

attribute substitution

f

41

sterotypes

f

42

self fulfilling prophecy

f

43

stereotype threat

f

44

prejudice

an irrational positive or negative attitude toward a person, group or thing prior to an actual experience

45

ethnocentrism

the practice of making judgments about other cultures based on the values and beliefs of ones own culture

46

in - group

a social group with which a person experiences a sense of belonging

47

out - group

a social group with which an individual does not identify

48

cultural relativism

refers to the recognition that social groups and cultures should be studied on their own terms

49

discrimination

when prejudicial attitudes cause individuals of a particular group to be treated differently than others

50

individual discrimination

refers to one person discriminating against a particular person or group

51

institutional discrimination

refers to the discrimination against a particular person or group by an entire institution