Social Interaction Flashcards Preview

MCAT Pysch/Soc > Social Interaction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Social Interaction Deck (44)
1

statuses

positions in society that are used to classify individuals

2

ascribed status

a status that is given involuntarily due to such factors as face, ethnicity, gender and family background.

3

achieved status

a status that is gained as a result of ones efforts or choices such as being a doctor

4

master status

the status by which a person is most identified

5

role

each status has this
a set of beliefs, values, attitudes, and norms that define expectations for those who hold the status

6

role performance

the carrying out of behaviors associated with a given role.

7

role partner

the person with whom one is interacting

8

role set

the various roles associated with a status

9

role conflict

occurs when one has difficult satisfying the requirements of multiple roles simultaneously

10

role strain

difficulty in satisfying multiple requirements of the same role.

11

role exit

the dropping of one identity for another

12

group

consists of two or more people who share similar characteristics and a sense of unity.

13

peer group

self selected group formed around similar interests, age and statuses

14

family group

the group into which an individual is born, adopted married

15

in-group

one with which an individual identifies

16

out-group

one with which an individual competes or opposes

17

reference group

a group to which an individual compares him to herself.

18

primary groups

those that contain strong, emotional bonds

19

secondary groups

often temporary and contain fewer emotional bonds and weaker bonds overall

20

Gemeinschaft (community)

a group unified by feelings of togetherness due to shared believes, ancestry or geography

21

Gesellschaft (society)

a group unified by mutual self-interests in achieving a goal

22

Groupthink

occurs when members begin to conform to one another's views and ignore outside perspectives

23

network

an observable pattern of social relationships between individuals or groups

24

organizations

bodies of people with a structure and future designed to achieve specific goals. They exist outside of each individual's membership within the organization

25

characteristic institution

basic organization of society

26

bureaucracy

a rational system of political organization, administration, discipline and control

27

iron law of oligarchy

states that democratic or bureaucratic systems naturally shift to being ruled by an elite group.

28

McDonaldization

commonly used to refer to a shift in focus toward efficiency, predictability, calculability and control in these societies

29

basic model

states that there are universal emotions, along with corresponding expressions which can be understood across cultures.

30

social construction model

states that emotions are solely based on the situational context of social interactions

31

display rules

unspoken rules that govern the expression of emotion

32

cultural syndrome

shared set of beliefs, norms, values and behaviors organized around a central theme as is found among people

33

impression management

refers to the maintenance of a public image, which is accomplished through various strategies

34

self disclosure

sharing factual information

35

managing appearances

using props, appearance, emotional expression or associations to create a positive image

36

ingratiation

using flattery or conformity to win over someone else

37

aligning actions

the use of excuses to account for questionable behavior

38

alter - casting

imposing an identity onto another person

39

dramaturgical approach

says that individuals create images of themselves in the same way that actors perform a role in front of an audience

40

front stage

where the individual is seen by the audience and strives to preserve his desired image

41

back stage

where the individual is not in front of an audience and is free to act outside of his desired image

42

verbal communication

the conveyance of information through spoken, written or signed words

43

nonverbal communication

the conveyance of information by means other than the use of words, such as body language, prosody, facial expressions and gestures

44

animal communications

takes please not only between nonhuman animals but between humans and other animals as well. Animals use body language, rudimentary facial expressions, visual displays, scents and vocalizations to communicate