Flashcards in Social Interaction Deck (44)
positions in society that are used to classify individuals
a status that is given involuntarily due to such factors as face, ethnicity, gender and family background.
a status that is gained as a result of ones efforts or choices such as being a doctor
the status by which a person is most identified
each status has this
a set of beliefs, values, attitudes, and norms that define expectations for those who hold the status
the carrying out of behaviors associated with a given role.
the person with whom one is interacting
the various roles associated with a status
occurs when one has difficult satisfying the requirements of multiple roles simultaneously
difficulty in satisfying multiple requirements of the same role.
the dropping of one identity for another
consists of two or more people who share similar characteristics and a sense of unity.
self selected group formed around similar interests, age and statuses
the group into which an individual is born, adopted married
one with which an individual identifies
one with which an individual competes or opposes
a group to which an individual compares him to herself.
those that contain strong, emotional bonds
often temporary and contain fewer emotional bonds and weaker bonds overall
a group unified by feelings of togetherness due to shared believes, ancestry or geography
a group unified by mutual self-interests in achieving a goal
occurs when members begin to conform to one another's views and ignore outside perspectives
an observable pattern of social relationships between individuals or groups
bodies of people with a structure and future designed to achieve specific goals. They exist outside of each individual's membership within the organization
basic organization of society
a rational system of political organization, administration, discipline and control
iron law of oligarchy
states that democratic or bureaucratic systems naturally shift to being ruled by an elite group.
commonly used to refer to a shift in focus toward efficiency, predictability, calculability and control in these societies
states that there are universal emotions, along with corresponding expressions which can be understood across cultures.
social construction model
states that emotions are solely based on the situational context of social interactions
unspoken rules that govern the expression of emotion
shared set of beliefs, norms, values and behaviors organized around a central theme as is found among people
refers to the maintenance of a public image, which is accomplished through various strategies
sharing factual information
using props, appearance, emotional expression or associations to create a positive image
using flattery or conformity to win over someone else
the use of excuses to account for questionable behavior
alter - casting
imposing an identity onto another person
says that individuals create images of themselves in the same way that actors perform a role in front of an audience
where the individual is seen by the audience and strives to preserve his desired image
where the individual is not in front of an audience and is free to act outside of his desired image
the conveyance of information through spoken, written or signed words
the conveyance of information by means other than the use of words, such as body language, prosody, facial expressions and gestures