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MCAT Pysch/Soc > Personality > Flashcards

Flashcards in Personality Deck (28)
1

Psychoanalytic perspective

views personality as resulting from unconscious urges and desires

2

frauds theories are based on
(Psychoanalytic)

id (base urges of survival and reproduction)
ego (the mediator between the two and the conscious mind)
superego (the idealist and perfectionist)

3

defense mechanisms
(Psychoanalytic)

used by the EGO
used to reduce stress caused by the urges of the id and the superego

4

Carl Jung
(Psychoanalytic)

assumed a collective unconscious that links all humans together.
He viewed the personality as being influenced by archetypes

5

Humanistic perspective

emphasizes the internal feelings of individuals as they strive toward happiness and self realization.

Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Rogers therapeutic approach of unconditional positive regard flow from the humanistic view of personality

6

Type and Trait theorists

believe that personality can be described as a number of identifiable traits that carry characteristics behaviors

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Type theories of personalities

Sheldons somatotypes
division into Type A (competitive and compulsive) and Type B (laid back and relaxed)

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Repression

forcing undesired thought sand urges to the unconscious

unconscious forgetting

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suppression

deliberate conscious form of forgetting

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regression

going back to an earlier developmental stage
- kids going back to thumb sucking, temper tantrums
- mostly due to stress

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reaction formation

suppressing urges by unconsciously converting them into their exact OPPOSITE

12

Projection

individuals attribute their undesired feeling to others

13

Rorschach inkblot test

a test that a client project his unconscious feelings onto the shape

14

Thematic Apperception Test

a test consisting of a series of pictures that are presented to the client, who is asked to make up a story about each one.
this tests the clients own unconscious thought and feelings

15

rationalization

the justification of behaviors in a manner that is acceptable to the self and society

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displacement

the transference of an undesired urge from one person or object to another

example: someone any at her boss may hold her tongue at work but snap at her spouse when she gets home

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sublimation

transformation of unacceptable urges into socially acceptable behaviors

18

Carl Jungs Archeatypes:

Persona - the aspect of out personality we present to the world
Anima - a "man's inner woman"
Animus - a "woman's inner man"
Shadow - unpleasant and socially reprehensible thoughts, feelings, and actions on our consciousness

19

Carl Jungs 3 dichotomies of personality:

- Extraversion VS Introversion
- Sensing VS Intuiting
- Thinking VS Feeling

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Carl Jung created which personality test?

Myers - Briggs Type Inventory (MBTI)

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Inferiority complex

an individual's sense of incompleteness, imperfection, and inferiority both physically and socially

22

Fictional finalism

concept in Adler's theory of personality
An individual is motivated more by his expectations of the future than by past experiences

23

Carl Rodgers

believes people have the freedom to control their own behavior

Client centered
Person centered
non directive therapy

24

3 major traits that could be used to describe individuals

----PEN

P - psychotics (nonconformity)
E - extraversion (tolerance for social interaction and stimulation)
N - neuroticism (arousal in stressful situations

25

3 major traits then expanded to the BIG FIVE

Openness
Conscientiousness
Extraversion
Agreeableness
Neuroticism

26

Allport identified 3 basic types of traits:

cardinal traits (traits around which a person organizes his or her life; not everyone develops a cardinal trait)
central traits (major characteristics of the personality)
secondary (more personal characteristics and are limited in occurrence)

27

Social cognitive

holds that individuals interact with their environment in a cycle called reciprocal determinism.

28

biological theorists

claim that behavior can be explained as a result of genetic expression