Flashcards in Neurotransmitters Deck (18)
Plays a role in the experience of emotions
Controls alertness and wakefulness
Primary neurotransmitter in the sympathetic nervous system
Released by the adrenal medulla
Epinephrine (acts as a hormone) and norepinephrine (acts as a neurotransmitter)
Low levels of norepinephrine causes
High levels of norepinephrine causes
Anxiety and mania
Epinephrine is secreted from
Plays a role in movement and posture
Imbalances of dopamine lead to what disorder?
High levels of dopamine are found where?
Helps smooth movements and maintain postural stability
Loss of dopaminergic neurons in the basal ganglia lead to what disease ?
Plays a role in regulating mood, eating, sleeping, and dreaming
plays a role in depression and mania
Too much serotonin produce what kind of mind states
Too little serotonin lead to
Produces inhibitory post synaptic potentials - causing hyper polarization
Stabilizes neural activity in the brain
Acts as a "brain stabilizer"
Naturals painkillers produced by the brain
Endorphins and enkephalins
Hormones are released from what system?
How do hormones travel through the system ?
Travel to their target destination through the blood stream
"Master" gland located on the base of the brain
Releases hormones that regulate activities of endocrine glands
Is controlled by the hypothalamus