The Roots of the Revolutionary War Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Roots of the Revolutionary War Deck (26):
1

Proclamation of 1763

Prevented settlement beyond the Appalachians to stem Indian-Colonist fighting, disregarded by Americans.

2

Republicanism

An idea in the minds of Americans on the dawn of Revolution, it is a just society in which all citizens willingly subordinated their private, selfish interests to the common good. Both the stability of society and the authority of government thus depended on the virtue of the citizenry-its capacity for selflessness, self-sufficiency, and courage.

3

Radical Whigs (1750s)

A group of British political commentators, made attacks on the use of patronage and bribes by the king's ministers. They warned citizens to be on guard for possible corruption.

4

Navigation Law of 1650

Stated that all goods flowing to and from the colonies could only be transported in British vessels. It was aimed to hurt rival Dutch shippers.

5

George Grenville

Prime Minister of England who imposed several taxes against the colonists to help pay off the debt of the French-Indian War, ordered stricter enforcement of the Navigation Laws.

6

Sugar Act of 1764

Increased the duty on foreign sugar imported from the West Indies.

7

Quartering Act of 1765

Required certain colonies to provide food and quarters for British troops.

8

Stamp Act

Mandated the use of stamped paper or the affixing of stamps, certifying payment of tax. Following the success of nonimportation agreements, it was repealed in 1766.

9

Stamp Act Congress of 1765

The members drew up a statement of their rights and grievances and requested the king and Parliament to repeal the hated legislation. The meeting's ripples began to erode sectional suspicions (suspicions between the colonies), for it had brought together around the same table leaders from the different and rival colonies. It was one step towards intercolonial unity.

10

Nonimportation agreements

Agreements made to not import British goods, they were a stride toward unionism

11

The Sons of Liberty and Daughters of Liberty

Took the law into their own hands and violently enforced nonimportation agreements against the British.

12

Declaratory Act

Passed by Parliament after they repealed the Stamp Act, it reaffirmed their right to bind the colonies in all cases whatsoever.

13

Townshend Acts

Put a light import tax on glass, white lead, paper, paint, and tea; it lead to violent outbursts.

14

Boston Massacre

1770- 11 civilians who were part of a mob killed/wounded by British soldiers; depicted as a brutal slaughter in colonial newspapers.

15

Lord North

Prime Minister of Great Britain who persuaded Parliament to repeal the Townshend Acts.

16

Samuel Adams

Master propagandist and engineer of rebellion; formed the Sons of Liberty.

17

Thomas Hutchinson

The unpopular Massachusetts governor who forced the people of Massachusetts to let the British East India Company unload their excess tea.

18

Boston Tea Party

1773- An event in which a band of Bostonians, disguised as Indians, boarded British East India ships and dumped the tea into the harbor.

19

Intolerable Acts

Passed as a result of the Boston Tea Party, they made restrictions on town meetings, and stated that soldiers who killed colonists in the line of duty would be sent to Britain for trial.

20

Boston Port Act

One of the Intolerable Acts, it shut off the Boston harbor for trade until damages could be paid back. Lead to intercolonial support for Massachusetts.

21

Quebec Act

This gave Catholic French Canadians religious freedom and restored the French form of civil law, it upset many colonists.

22

1st Continental Congress

Convened after the Intolerable Acts were passed.

23

A Declaration of Rights

A paper drafted by the 1st Continental Congress to the British dominion asking them to repeal the Intolerable Acts.

24

The Association

A paper crafted by the 1st Continental Congress which called for a complete boycott of British goods.

25

Lexington Massacre

(1775) British commander in Boston sent a detachment of troops They were to seize provisions of colonial gunpowder and to capture the "rebel" ringleaders, Samuel Adams and John Hancock. 8 Americans were shot and killed. Revolutionary War begins.

26

Lord Dunmore

Royal governor of Virginia, he promised freedom to any slave who fought for Britain.