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Flashcards in The British Enter the New World Deck (53):
1

The Spanish Armada

The powerful Spanish navy which was defeated by Queen Elizabeth in 1580.

2

Virginia Company of London

A joint-stock company which received a charter from King James I to settle in the New World.

3

Captain John Smith

In 1608 he reached Jamestown and forced the settlers to survive.

4

The starving winter

1609-1610, only 60 settlers survived.

5

Lord De La Warr

Reached Jamestown in 1610 with military supplies, started the First Anglo-Powhatan War.

6

John Rolfe

Married Pocahontas in 1614 ending the First Anglo-Powhatan War.

7

House of Burgesses

An assembly created in Jamestown in 1619, first example of self-government. Caused King James I to make Virginia a colony directly under his control.

8

Lord Baltimore

Formed Maryland in 1634 as a refuge for Roman Catholics.

9

The Act of Toleration

A Maryland document which granted toleration to all Christians.

10

Barbados Slave Code of 1661

Denied even the most fundamental rights to slaves, passed to control their growing numbers.

11

William Penn

Founded Pennsylvania with Quakers with a promise of tolerance even for Indians.

12

Major export of the West Indies

Sugar

13

Major export of the Carolinas

Rice

14

Major export of Virginia

Tobacco

15

Sir Walter Raleigh

An English explorer who founded the colony of Roanoke which disappeared mysteriously.

16

The colony of Virginia

Founded by the London Co. in 1607 (1st)

17

The colony of New Hampshire

Founded by John Mason in 1623 (2nd)

18

The colony of Massachusetts

Founded by Puritans in 1628 (3rd)

19

Plymouth

Founded by separatists in 1620

20

The colony of Maryland

Founded by Lord Baltimore in 1634 (4th)

21

The colony of Connecticut

Founded by Thomas Hooker in 1635 (5th)

22

The colony of Rhode Island

Founded by Roger Williams in 1636 (6th)

23

The colony of Delaware

Founded by Peter Minuit in 1638 (7th)

24

The colony of North Carolina

Founded by Virginians in 1653 (8th)

25

The colony of New York

Founded by the Duke of York in 1664 (9th)

26

The colony of New Jersey

Founded by Berkeley and Carteret in 1664 (10th)

27

The colony of South Carolina

Founded by Eight Nobles in 1670 (11th)

28

The colony of Pennsylvania

Founded by William Penn in 1681 (12th)

29

The colony of Georgia

Founded by James Oglethorpe in 1733 (13th)

30

Martin Luther

A German friar who began the Protestant Reformation by denouncing the Church.

31

Institutes of the Christian Religion

A doctrine written by John Calvin which established Calvinism.

32

Puritans

A religious group that wanted to see Catholicism leave England very quickly.

33

Separatists

A tiny subsect of Puritans which broke away from the Church of England and were harassed by King James I.

34

Plymouth Bay

The landing place of the Separatists in 1620 after leaving Holland.

35

Captain Myles Standish

A prominent Indian killing captain on the Mayflower.

36

The Mayflower Compact

The first attempt at a government in America, signed in 1620.

37

William Bradford

Elected 30 times as governor of the Pilgrims.

38

William Laud

An archbishop who promoted the executions of Puritans under Charles I.

39

The Great Migration

In the 1630s 70,000 refugees left England for America, many of them went to the West Indies.

40

Massachusetts Bay Company

Formed by non-separatist Puritans in 1629

41

John Winthrop

The first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Company.

42

General Court

The ruling assembly of the Bay Colony.

43

Visible Saints

Another name for the Puritans

44

John Cotton

A devoted Puritan minister of the Bay Colony.

45

The Day of Doom

A poem written by Michael Wigglesworth.

46

Anne Hutchinson

An intelligent woman who was banned from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for challenging the Puritan orthodoxy.

47

Roger Williams

An extreme separatist and popular Salem minister who was banished from the Mass. Bay Colony.

48

Massasoit

The chieftain of the Wampanoag, he signed a treaty with the Puritans and had Thanksgiving with them.

49

The Pequots

A powerful New England tribe slaughtered by English settlers.

50

Metacom

Launched a series of attacks and raids against colonist towns in the 1670s

51

New England Confederation

A confederation consisting of four Puritan colonies.

52

Sir Edmund Andros

The leader of the dominion of New England, stopped town meetings, placed restrictions on courts, and revoked all land titles.

53

Glorious Revolution

1688- Catholic King James II was dethroned and replaced with Protestant rulers, Massachusetts became a royal colony.