1950s - Sheet1 Flashcards
Joseph McCarthy’s speech to the Republican Women’s Club
In this 1950 speech during the Second Red Scare, McCarthy accused the State Department of employing over 200 communists launching him into the public eye.
President Truman demanded the construction of this bomb in 1950 after finding out the Soviets detonated an atomic bomb.
Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health
This L. Ron Hubbard book sets out self-improvement techniques he discovered, called dianetics. The canonical text of scientology.
United States Senate Special Committee to Investigate Crime in Interstate Commerce
AKA the Kefauver Committee, they investigated interstate mafia crime from 1950-51.
North and South Korea dividing parallel:
38th parallel North, when the North crossed this parallel in 1950 the Korean War began.
On the Road
This Jack Kerouac novel is the defining work of the Beat and Counterculture generations.
This was a violent pro-Puerto Rican independence uprising.
Oscar Collazo and Griselio Torresola
These two men attempted to assassinate President Truman over the issue of Puerto Rican independence.
Early a pro-gay communist organization, during the second Red Scare, this group dropped their communist affiliation and began to work to specifically advance the civil rights of gay people in the 1950s.
The first female rabbi in the United States.
Office of Defense Mobilization
This independent agency was formed during the Korean War and was extremely influential.
This Amendment limited the president to two terms, passed in response to FDR’s presidency.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
During the Second Red Scare, these two American citizens were given the death penalty for conspiracy to commit espionage insofar as passing information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. While Julius was likely guilty, his wife was almost certainly innocent.
The King and I
A 1950’s Rodgers and Hammerstein musical about the relationship between a Thai king and a British schoolteacher.
All About Eve
This 1950 drama starring Bette Davis as an aging star in competition with an ambitious young fan swept at the Academy Awards.
The second computer in the United States, it was used by the census bureau and then by newscasters.
Battle of Inchon
MacArthur lead this amphibious battle of the Korean War in which Japanese forces were repelled. MacArthur followed this up, fatally, with a full-scale Korean invasion prompting military intervention from China.
The New York School
An informal group of New York City-based expressionists in the 1950’s and 60’s whose avant-garde style rose from the ashes of World War 2.
The Australia, New Zealand, United States Security Treaty; emerged as a response to the close relationship with these three countries after the Pacific War of World War 2.
Treaty of San Francisco
This 1951 treaty officially ended World War 2 between Japan and the allied nations, ended Japan’s position as an imperial power and called for compensation for allies who suffered Japanese abuses of human rights.
An American in Paris
Technicolor 1951 Gershwin directed musical starring Gene Kelly was a critical smash.
This 1951 Massachusetts shopping mall was one of the first in the United States.
An American actress whose 1951 Palace Theater concerts, and her role in the film “The Wizard of Oz,” were legendary.
I Love Lucy
This landmark 1950s TV show starred Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz. It was insanely popular and was one of the first shows to depict an interracial marriage.
Johnny Bright Incident
A violent 1951 assault against African-American footballer Johnny Bright by a white opponent.
The African Queen
A 1951 adventure film starring Humphrey Bogart and Katharine Hepburn.
This NBC show was the first morning show in American history and one of the longest running shows period.
Wernher von Braun
This man “The Father of Rocket Science” in 1952 published “Man Will Conquer Space Soon!” and then went on to aide NASA in space exploration.
Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer
This Supreme Court case, a direct rebuff to President Truman, found that “The President did not have the inherent authority to seize private property” after Truman tried to nationalize the U.S. steel industry.
1952 steel strike
The United Steelworkers of America striked against U.S. steel for higher wages. Truman tried to nationalize steel to resolve the conflict, but this decision was found to be unconstitutional by Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer.
A seminal glass box skyscraper in Midtown that marked a transitional period for architecture.
Joseph O. Fletcher & William P. Benedict
U.S. lieutenant colonels who were the first to land their planes in the geographic North Pole.
1952 Washington, D.C. UFO incident
During the 50s UFO craze, this incident caused massive alarm and even lead to an order from Pres. Truman to shoot down the objects.
Post World War 2 avant-garde leader, a pioneer of indeterminacy in music, electroacoustic music, and non-standard use of musical instruments.
John Cage was the first to perform this piece in 1952, an avant-garde movement watershed, it was four minutes and thirty-three seconds of the composer playing nothing so the audience could listen to the world around them.
A 1952 speech by Republican vice presidential candidate Richard Nixon, in which he responded to controversy over him using donor funds to reimburse himself for campaign costs. His appeal was an early example of a politician successfully using television to appeal directly to the electorate.
The 1952 first successful detonation of a hydrogen bomb.
United States presidential election, 1952
Foreign policy was the most important factor in this election, in which Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower defeated Democrat Adlai Stevenson in a landslide victory.
This transwoman was (falsely) reported in 1952 to be the first recipient of transsexual surgery ever by the New York Times. The ensuing popularity lead to her becoming a transgender rights advocate.
A CIA ordered scientific committee which met to discuss the increased number of UFO sightings from 1950-1952.
This Arthur Miller play was largely allegorical of the communist hunt going on during the Second Red Scare. The House Un-American Activities Committee didn’t realize the irony, and subpoenaed him for questioning.
Flint-Worcester tornado outbreak sequence
These 1953 tornadoes killed more than 250 people and many blamed the government’s nuclear testing for the disaster.
1953 Waco tornado outbreak
These tornadoes were among the deadliest in American history and lead to the creation of a National Weather Center.
A CIA operation experimenting in the biological conditioning of humans.
This American chemist introduced LSD into Project MKUltra and was a leader in mind control studies.
Gentlemen Prefer Blondes
a 1953 film starring Jane Russell and Marilyn Monroe, however, Monroe’s pink dress and rendition of “Diamonds Are A Girl’s Best Friend” became iconic.
Short Creek raid
This anti-Mormon mass arrest occurred in 1953 and resulted in the arrests of hundreds of polygamists.
Operation Big Switch
The 1953 reparation of all remaining prisoners in the Korean War.
Two books on human sexual behavior by Dr. Alfred Kinsey. Revealed revolutionary new ideas about homosexuality in the human male.
1953 Iranian coup d’état
During the Cold War, the CIA backed the successful overthrow of Mohammed Mossadegh in Iran in favor of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
Appointed U.S. Chief Justice by Eisenhower, he oversaw one of the most powerful supreme courts in American history, which oversaw a great extension of rights.
An American men’s magazine created by Hugh Hefner in 1953. The first issue featured Marilyn Monroe.
Atoms for Peace
The title of a speech given by Eisenhower to the U.N., in which he called for the whole world to be armed with nuclear bombs.
America captured these Japanese islands during World War 2 and returned them in 1953.
Mamie Eisenhower launched this submarine, the first ever to be powered by nuclear energy.