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Flashcards in 1950s - Sheet1 Deck (139)
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1

Joseph McCarthy's speech to the Republican Women's Club

In this 1950 speech during the Second Red Scare, McCarthy accused the State Department of employing over 200 communists launching him into the public eye.

2

hydrogen bomb

President Truman demanded the construction of this bomb in 1950 after finding out the Soviets detonated an atomic bomb.

3

Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health

This L. Ron Hubbard book sets out self-improvement techniques he discovered, called dianetics. The canonical text of scientology.

4

United States Senate Special Committee to Investigate Crime in Interstate Commerce

AKA the Kefauver Committee, they investigated interstate mafia crime from 1950-51.

5

North and South Korea dividing parallel:

38th parallel North, when the North crossed this parallel in 1950 the Korean War began.

6

On the Road

This Jack Kerouac novel is the defining work of the Beat and Counterculture generations.

7

Jayuya Uprising

This was a violent pro-Puerto Rican independence uprising.

8

Oscar Collazo and Griselio Torresola

These two men attempted to assassinate President Truman over the issue of Puerto Rican independence.

9

Mattachine Society

Early a pro-gay communist organization, during the second Red Scare, this group dropped their communist affiliation and began to work to specifically advance the civil rights of gay people in the 1950s.

10

Paula Ackerman

The first female rabbi in the United States.

11

Office of Defense Mobilization

This independent agency was formed during the Korean War and was extremely influential.

12

22nd Amendment

This Amendment limited the president to two terms, passed in response to FDR's presidency.

13

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

During the Second Red Scare, these two American citizens were given the death penalty for conspiracy to commit espionage insofar as passing information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. While Julius was likely guilty, his wife was almost certainly innocent.

14

The King and I

A 1950's Rodgers and Hammerstein musical about the relationship between a Thai king and a British schoolteacher.

15

All About Eve

This 1950 drama starring Bette Davis as an aging star in competition with an ambitious young fan swept at the Academy Awards.

16

UNIVAC I

The second computer in the United States, it was used by the census bureau and then by newscasters.

17

Battle of Inchon

MacArthur lead this amphibious battle of the Korean War in which Japanese forces were repelled. MacArthur followed this up, fatally, with a full-scale Korean invasion prompting military intervention from China.

18

The New York School

An informal group of New York City-based expressionists in the 1950's and 60's whose avant-garde style rose from the ashes of World War 2.

19

ANZUS

The Australia, New Zealand, United States Security Treaty; emerged as a response to the close relationship with these three countries after the Pacific War of World War 2.

20

Treaty of San Francisco

This 1951 treaty officially ended World War 2 between Japan and the allied nations, ended Japan's position as an imperial power and called for compensation for allies who suffered Japanese abuses of human rights.

21

An American in Paris

Technicolor 1951 Gershwin directed musical starring Gene Kelly was a critical smash.

22

Shopper's World

This 1951 Massachusetts shopping mall was one of the first in the United States.

23

Judy Garland

An American actress whose 1951 Palace Theater concerts, and her role in the film "The Wizard of Oz," were legendary.

24

I Love Lucy

This landmark 1950s TV show starred Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz. It was insanely popular and was one of the first shows to depict an interracial marriage.

25

Johnny Bright Incident

A violent 1951 assault against African-American footballer Johnny Bright by a white opponent.

26

The African Queen

A 1951 adventure film starring Humphrey Bogart and Katharine Hepburn.

27

Today

This NBC show was the first morning show in American history and one of the longest running shows period.

28

Wernher von Braun

This man "The Father of Rocket Science" in 1952 published "Man Will Conquer Space Soon!" and then went on to aide NASA in space exploration.

29

Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer

This Supreme Court case, a direct rebuff to President Truman, found that "The President did not have the inherent authority to seize private property" after Truman tried to nationalize the U.S. steel industry.

30

1952 steel strike

The United Steelworkers of America striked against U.S. steel for higher wages. Truman tried to nationalize steel to resolve the conflict, but this decision was found to be unconstitutional by Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer.