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Flashcards in Unit 4 Deck (272)
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31

gradual

postupný * adj /ˈɡrædʒuəl/ gradual processes and changes happen slowly and by small amounts Scientists have observed a gradual change in the climate.

32

swallow

polknout; polykat ** v /ˈswɒləʊ/ to make food or drink go from your mouth down through your throat and into your stomach She quickly swallowed the rest of her coffee.

33

unreasonable

nemající rozum; neracionální * adj /ʌnˈriːz(ə)nəb(ə)l/ not sensible She has an unreasonable fear of spiders.

34

equality

rovnost ** n U /ɪˈkwɒləti/ the state of being equal, especially in having the same rights, status, and opportunities The Party is committed to sexual and racial equality.

35

trigger

spoušť ** v /ˈtrɪɡə(r)/ to cause someone to have a particular feeling or memory People with a phobia often have an object that triggers their fears.

36

scout

zvěd; průzkumník * n C /skaʊt/ a boy or girl who is a member of the Scouts, an organization that encourages boys and girls to learn practical skills and help other people The proceeds all go to good causes – the boy and girl scouts, the Red Cross, the homeless.

37

course

chod (jídla) *** n C  /kɔː(r)s/ one of the parts of a meal I had prawns, followed by steak for my main course.

38

spark

jiskra, jiskřit, podnítit * v /spɑː(r)k/ to make something happen, especially something involving violence or angry feelings The protests were sparked by the firing of two restaurant employees.

39

acronym

akronym   n C /ˈækrənɪm/  an abbreviation consisting of letters that form a word. For example, NATO is an acronym for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. It's a very memorable acronym.

40

deep-fried

smažený   adj /ˌdiːpˈfraɪd/ cooked in a lot of hot oil I love deep-fried onions.

41

reverend

reverend, pastor, farář   n C /ˈrev(ə)rənd/ a title used for some Christian priests and ministers That's the Reverend Francis Keenan.

42

severe

těžký (úraz) *** adj /sɪˈvɪə(r)/ a severe pain, injury, or illness is one which is serious and unpleasant They suffer severe panic attacks.

43

overturn

převrátit   v /ˌəʊvə(r)ˈtɜː(r)n/ to say officially that something such as a decision or law is wrong and change it The appeal court refused to overturn the lower court’s decision.

44

sacking

propustění z práce; strčení do pytle   n C /ˈsækɪŋ/ rattlesnake sacking is a sport in which people try to get live rattlesnakes into a sack without being injured Later in the programme, we’ll visit the Rattlesnake Sacking Championships.

45

slavery

otroctví   n U /ˈsleɪvəri/ the condition of being a slave, or of having to work for another person These were women who were forced into sexual slavery.

46

pray

modlit se ** v /preɪ/ to speak to God or a saint, for example to give thanks or ask for help Some people go to church to pray.

47

anxiety

úzkost; strach ** n U /æŋˈzaɪəti/ a worried feeling you have because you think something bad might happen A lot of students suffer from anxiety at exam time.

48

well-done

dobře propečený (steak)   adj /ˌwelˈdʌn/ well-done meat is meat that has been completely cooked Would you like your steak rare, medium-rare or well-done?

49

bake

péct (nikoli maso) * v /beɪk/ to cook food in an oven Bake the fish for about ten minutes.

50

frail

křehký, chtrný * adj /freɪl/ physically weak and not very healthy He is frail, but still manages to walk with a stick.

51

cruelty

krutost; ukrutnost * n C / U /ˈkruːəlti/ behaviour that deliberately causes pain to other people or animals, or that makes them unhappy or upset She was shocked by the cruelty of his words.

52

abusive

sprostý; vulgární   adj /əˈbjuːsɪv/ using offensive or insulting language He started receiving abusive text messages.

53

ensure

zajistit, zaručit *** v /ɪnˈʃɔː(r)/  to make certain that something happens or is done Our new system ensures that everyone gets paid on time.

54

antidote

protilátka, protijed   n C /ˈæntɪˌdəʊt/ a substance that prevents a poison from having bad effects There is no known antidote to the poison.

55

back

podpořit *** v /bæk/ to give support to a person, organization, or plan, making them more likely to succeed We’ll back you all the way on this one!

56

fearless

nebojácný   adj /ˈfɪə(r)ləs/ not afraid of anyone or anything. This word shows that you admire people like this. She was a fearless critic of the corrupt leadership.

57

self-assured

sebejistý   adj /ˌselfəˈʃɔː(r)d confident and relaxed because you are sure of your abilities He's a little too self-assured for my liking.

58

coarse

sprostý, hrubý * adj /kɔː(r)s/ a coarse substance or surface feels rough and hard The jacket was made of coarse material.

59

insure

pojistit * v /ɪnˈʃɔː(r)/  to regularly pay an insurance company an amount of money so that they will give you money if something that you own is damaged, lost, or stolen, or if you die or are sick or injured His appearance was so repulsive that I had to have my mirrors insured.

60

abolish

zrušit; odstranit ** v /əˈbɒlɪʃ/ to officially get rid of a law, system, practice etc Britain abolished slavery in 1807.