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Flashcards in Unit 4 Deck (272)
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61

acupuncture

akupunktura   n U /ˈækjʊˌpʌŋktʃə(r)/ a medical treatment from China that involves putting special needles into particular parts of the body Have you tried acupunture or alternative medicine?

62

harassment

obtěžování * n U /ˈhærəsmənt/  /həˈræsmənt/ annoying or unpleasant behaviour towards someone that takes place regularly, for example threats, offensive remarks, or physical attacks The UN cannot tolerate the continuing harassment of peacekeeping soldiers.

63

conditioned

podmínečný, připravený   adj /kənˈdɪʃ(ə)nd/ if someone is conditioned by their experiences or by another person, they are influenced by them so that they think or behave in a particular way A phobia is a conditioned reflex.

64

bare

holý; nepokrytý ** adj /beə(r)/ a part of your body that is bare is not covered by any clothes The idea is to pick up the snake with your bare hands and throw it in the sack.

65

herpetologist

odborník na plazy   n C /ˈhɜː(r)pəˈtɒlədʒɪst someone who scientifically studies amphibians and reptiles I spoke to herpetologist, Chick Ferragamo, who introduced me to my first rattler.

66

venom

jed (hadí, hmyzí), zlost, hněv   n U /ˈvenəm/ poison produced by some animals, especially snakes and insects The venom causes paralysis within a few minutes.

67

courage

odvaha ** n U /ˈkʌrɪdʒ/ the ability to do something that you know is right or good, even though it is dangerous, frightening, or very difficult She has shown immense courage in opposing a corrupt and violent regime.

68

harm

poškození; ublížení ** n U /hɑː(r)m/ injury, damage, or problems caused by something that you do Too many projects that lead to environmental harm.

69

boycott

bojkot   n C /ˈbɔɪˌkɒt/ to not take part in an event, or to not buy or use something as a protest She urged people to boycott the company’s products.

70

reasonable

rozumný; racionální *** adj /ˈriːz(ə)nəb(ə)l/ fair and sensible Some people think it is perfectly reasonable to climb into the mouth of a volcano.

71

tail

ocas ** n C /teɪl/ a part at the back of an animal’s body that can move The animal sprays liquid from a gland under its tail.

72

abuse

zneuží(va)t ** n C/U /əˈbjuːs/ cruel, violent, or unfair treatment, especially of someone who does not have the power to prevent it The regime had been responsible for serious human rights abuses.

73

domineering

tyranský; despotický   adj /ˌdɒmɪˈnɪərɪŋ/ trying to control other people and make them obey you She has an unpleasant domineering personality.

74

rattle

rachotit; chrastit   n C /ˈræt(ə)l/ part of a rattlesnake's tail which makes short sharp knocking sounds as it moves or shakes The rattle on the end of the tail is a warning signal.

75

in a hurry

spěchat   phr /ˌɪn ə ˈhʌri/ to do something or go somewhere quickly because you do not have much time A frail old lady steps in line ahead of them and claims that she is in a hurry.

76

disobey

neposlouchat   v /ˌdɪsəˈbeɪ/ to deliberately do the opposite of what someone in authority has told you to do, or deliberately not obey a rule If you continue to disobey the rules, you will be punished.

77

caution

opatrnost ** n U /ˈkɔːʃ(ə)n/ careful thought and lack of hurry in order to try to avoid risks or danger We drove along the road with extreme caution.

78

disobedience

neposlušnost   n U /ˌdɪsəˈbiːdiəns/ someone’s behaviour when they do not obey orders or rules Disobedience will not be tolerated.

79

brave

statečný; odvážný ** adj /breɪv/ capable of dealing with danger or pain, without seeming to be frightened It is easy to be brave from a safe distance.

80

culminate

vrcholit, kulminovat   v /ˈkʌlmɪneɪt/ to happen or exist as the final result of a process or situation A series of financial disasters culminated in the collapse of the country’s largest bank.

81

plain

nížina; planina ** adj /pleɪn/ plain food is simple and does not have a lot of things added to it Plenty of stalls selling fried rattlesnake, rattlesnake kebabs, barbecued rattler, or just plain baked rattlesnake.

82

award

udělit; uložit (pokutu); přiznat (náhradu) *** v /əˈwɔː(r)d/ to give someone a prize or other reward because they have achieved something The prize is awarded annually.

83

enclosed

přiložený   adj /ɪnˈkləʊzd/ surrounded by something and separated from what is outside He has a fear of enclosed spaces.

84

deserve

zasloužit si ** v /dɪˈzɜː(r)v/ if you deserve something, it is right that you get it, for example because of the way you have behaved After five hours on your feet you deserve a break.

85

fearful

bázlivý, strašlivý   adj /ˈfɪə(r)f(ə)l/ frightened Fearful parents kept their children indoors.

86

treat (sb)

léčit někoho *** v /triːt/ to use medicine or medical methods to cure a patient or an illness Vitamin deficiency can be properly diagnosed and treated by a doctor.

87

overcome

přemoci; (be ~) zmocnit se ** v /ˌəʊvə(r)ˈkʌm/  to succeed in dealing with or controlling a problem What can I do to overcome my fear of rejection?

88

reason

důvod; příčina *** n C /ˈriːz(ə)n/ a fact, situation, or intention that explains why something happened, why someone did something, or why something is true What was your reason for not liking the film?

89

hypnosis

hypnóza   n U /hɪpˈnəʊsɪs/ a very relaxed state in which you seem to be sleeping but can still react to someone else’s suggestions He was under hypnosis for about an hour.

90

panic

panika; zmatkovat ** n U / v /ˈpænɪk/ a sudden strong feeling of fear or worry that makes you unable to think clearly or calmly She felt a moment of sheer panic.