výsada; pocta ** n C /ˈprɪvəlɪdʒ/ a special benefit that is available only to a particular person or group Cheap air travel is one of the privileges of working for the airline.
neškodný * adj /ˈhɑː(r)mləs/ not causing any harm Most of these bugs are harmless to us.
jehla; jehlice ** n C /ˈniːd(ə)l/ a very thin sharp metal tube used for putting medicine or drugs into your body, or for taking blood out. It is attached to a plastic tube called a syringe He has a fear of needles.
zdrženlivý adj /rɪˈzɜː(r)vd/ someone who is reserved tends not to talk about or show their feelings They are emotionally reserved.
svoboda ** n C /ˈlɪbə(r)ti/ the freedom to think or behave in the way that you want and not be controlled by a government or by other people The movement would fight for liberty and equality.
protilátka, protijed n U /ˌæntiˈvənɪn/ a substance that prevents venom from having bad effects We use the venom to manufacture the antivenin.
tuhý; neohebný ** adj /stɪf/ something that is stiff does not bend easily. If you have a stiff upper lip, you remain calm and do not let other people see what you are really feeling in a difficult or unpleasant situation It is often said that the British have a ‘stiff upper lip’.
spojenectví; aliance ** n C /əˈlaɪəns/ a group of people, organizations, or countries who have united to work together to achieve something Have you spoken to members of other parties within the alliance?
fobie n C /ˈfəʊbiə/ a very strong feeling of disliking or being afraid of someone or something She has a phobia about spiders.
(z)civilizovat v /ˈsɪvəlaɪz/ to make someone behave in a more polite and reasonable way The time has come for us to civilize ourselves.
celý *** adj /həʊl/ all of something I’m getting tired of the whole thing.
díra *** n C /həʊl/ a space in the surface of something that goes partly or completely through it Rain poured through a gaping hole in the roof.
segregace, oddělování n U /ˌseɡrɪˈɡeɪʃ(ə)n/ the policy of keeping people from different groups, especially different races, separate. Integration is the policy of bringing these groups together Racial segregation in schools is no longer legal in the US.
dát pokutu * v /faɪn/ to make someone pay an amount of money as punishment for breaking the law She was fined £250 for speeding.
povstání; vzpoura; revolta n C /rɪˈbeljən/ opposition to someone in authority or to accepted ways of doing things We can achieve our aims through disobedience and through rebellion.
mezistátní adj /ˌɪntə(r)ˈsteɪt/ existing or taking place between states, especially between the states in the US or Australia He's an expert in interstate commerce.
vládnout *** v /ruːl/ to officially control or govern a country or area Portugal ruled East Timor for nearly four centuries.
ošizený (zákazník) adj /ˌʃɔː(r)tˈtʃeɪndʒd/ if someone is short-changed, they do not receive back enough money for something they have paid for after they have paid more than the full price for the things After walking out of a store, they discover they were short-changed by £3.
reflex, odraz n C /ˈriːfleks/ a way of reacting to something that you do very quickly, without thinking about it A phobia is a conditioned reflex.
příliš zdůrazňovat v /ˌəʊvərˈemfəˌsaɪz/ to treat something as more important than it really is We cannot overemphasize how damaging these results are to our reputation.
genetický ** adj /dʒəˈnetɪk/ relating to genes, or to the study of genes Doctors believe the condition is caused by a genetic defect.
hladovět; mít velký hlad * v /stɑː(r)v/ to suffer or to die because there is not enough food Better to starve free than be a fat slave.
kandidát; uchazeč n C /ˌkæmˈpeɪnə(r)/ someone who tries to achieve political or social change by persuading other people or the government to do something Animal rights campaigners are trying to close down the farm.
bez ohledu na ** adv /rɪˈɡɑː(r)dləs/ without being affected or influenced by someone or something President Johnson signed the Civil Rights Bill which granted equal rights to all American citizens regardless of the colour of their skin.
obrátit; obrácený; opak ** v /rɪˈvɜː(r)s/ to change the order or development of events, a process, or a situation to be the opposite of what it was The effects of the disease can only be reversed by a bone-marrow donation.
otrok; nevolník ** n C /sleɪv/ someone who belongs by law to another person as their property and has to obey them and work for them Better to starve free than be a fat slave.
částečně propečený (steak) adj /ˌmiːdiəmˈreə(r)/ meat that is medium-rare has been cooked for a short time so that it is still slightly red in the middle They are in a restaurant and order a steak medium-rare.
podstata; princip *** n C /ˈprɪnsəp(ə)l/ a basic belief, theory, or rule that has a major influence on the way in which something is done Don’t move and he’ll stay still, too. In principle anyway!
kořist ** n C /preɪ/ an animal that is caught by another animal and eaten Spiders usually catch their prey by building webs.
výtěžek, zisk * n pl /ˈprəʊˌsiːdz/ money that a person or organization makes from selling or winning something, or from organizing an event or activity The proceeds will go to the school for refugee children.