Virology: RNA Viruses Flashcards Preview

First Aid: Microbiology > Virology: RNA Viruses > Flashcards

Flashcards in Virology: RNA Viruses Deck (27):
1

Reovirus diseases 

  • Coltivirus - Colorado tick fever
  • Rotavirus - fatal diarrhea in children 

2

Picornavirus diseases 

PERCH

  • Poliovirus 
  • Echovirus
  • Rhinovirus
  • Coxsackievirus
  • HAV

3

Calicivirus disease

Norovirus (viral gastroenteritis)

4

Flavivirus diseases 

  • HCV
  • Yellow fever
  • Dengue
  • St. Louis encephalitis 
  • West Nile virus 

5

Rubella 

Togavirus

6

Retrovirus diseases

  • HTLV - T-cell leukemia
  • HIV - AIDS

7

"common cold" & SARS

Coronavirus 

8

influenza virus

Orthomyxovirus

9

Paramyxovirus diseases

PaRaMyxovirus

  • Parainfluenza - croup
  • RSV - bronchiolitis in babies (rivavirin)
  • Measles, Mumps

10

rabies

Rhabdovirus 

11

Ebola/Marburg hemorrhagic fever

Filovirus 

12

Arenavirus diseases

  • LCMV - lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus
  • Lassa fever encephalitis 

13

Bunyavirus diseases

  • California encephalitis 
  • Sandfly/Rift Valley fevers
  • Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever
  • Hantavirus 

14

_____is a "defective" virus that requires HBV co-infection.

HDV

15

Negative stranded viruses

Always Bring Polymerase Or Fail Replication

  • Arenaviruses
  • Bunyaviruses
  • Paramyxoviruses
  • Orthomyxoviruses
  • Filoviruses
  • Rhabdoviruses 

16

segmented viruses

BOAR

  • Bunyaviruses
  • Orthomyxoviruses
  • Arenaviruses
  • Reoviruses

17

symptoms of yellow fever virus 

  • high fever
  • black vomitus
  • jaundice 

18

2 antigens of influenza virus

  • Hemagglutinin - viral entry
  • Neuraminidase - progeny virion release 

19

  • causes pandemics 
  • causes epidemics 

  • genetic shift/antigenic shifts
  • genetic drift 

20

rubella findings 

  • fever
  • postauricular & other lymphadenopathy 
  • arthralgias
  • fine rash

21

congenital rubella findings 

  • "blueberry muffin" appearance
  • indicative of extramedullary hematopoiesis 

22

measles findings 

  • Koplik spots 
  • descending maculopapular rash 
  • subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE)
  • encephalitis 
  • giant cell pneumonia 

23

3 C's of measles

  • Cough
  • Coryza
  • Conjunctivitis 

24

________ ____ used to prevent severe exfoliative dermatitis in malnourished children. 

Vitamin A

25

Mumps virus symptoms 

POM

  • Parotitis 
  • Orchitis (inflammation of testes)
  • Meningitis (aseptic) 

26

bullet shaped virus

Negri bodies 

Rabies virus

27

progression of rabies 

  1. fever, malaise
  2. agitation, photophobia, hydrophobia
  3. paralysis, coma
  4. death