WWII: WWII Erupts and the US in WWII packet Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in WWII: WWII Erupts and the US in WWII packet Deck (40):
1

What was a secret effort that the US undertook to build a new powerful weapon for use in WWII?

Manhattan Project

2

How did the US respond to its need for farm labor during WWII?

Bracero Program

3

What occurred in Los Angeles in 1943 as a result of ethnic tensions?

Zoot suit riots

4

What type of powerful weapon uses energy released by the splitting of atoms?

atomic bomb

5

Became the popular symbol for the working woman of WWII

Rosie the Riveter

6

The Manhattan Project, based in Los Alamos, New Mexico, was the secret project to build an __

atomic bomb

7

WASPs tested and delivered __

aircraft

8

Henry Kaiser used assembly-line techniques to produce __

liberty ships

9

Some Mexican workers were given the chance to work temporarily in the US under the __ Program

Bracero

10

__ led the Women's Army Corps, or WAC

Oveta Culp Hobby

11

The __ riots broke out in June 1943, when US sailors stationed in Los Angeles fought in the streets with Mexican American youths

Zoot suit

12

Gov't spending during WWII finally brought an end to the __, the period of severe economic crisis that began with the stock market crash of 1929

Great Depression

13

In 1941 __, the leader of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, called for a march on Washington DC, to protest unfair treatment of African Americans

A Philip Randolph

14

Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, the federal gov't expanded the __, the system for making sure that there would be enough men in the armed forces to fight the war

draft

15

During __, the Allies invaded mainland Europe on the beaches of Normandy, France

Operation Overlord

16

Early in WWII, the British lacked enough ships to form __

convoys

17

T/F:
The Tuskegee Airmen were African American pilots who fought bravely in Italy

T

18

T/F:
D-Day was the day that the Allies invaded France

T

19

T/F:
German submarines hunted at night in groups called wolf packs

T

20

T/F:
American soldiers first saw combat in WWII during the Battle of the Bulge

F
Operation Torch

21

A veteran of the North Africa campaign and the top British commander of Operation Overlord

Bernard Montgomery

22

City on the Volga River where the Germans suffered a terrible defeat

Stalingrad

23

German submarines that hunted as a group and attacked at night

wolf packs

24

The head of German forces in North Africa

Erwin Rommel

25

The Allied invasion of France

Operation Overlord

26

Formations of several ships intended to provide protection against submarine attack

convoys

27

The commander of Operation Torch

Dwight D Eisenhower

28

A segregated unit of African American pilots

Tuskegee Airmen

29

The final major German counterattack, launched in late 1944

Battle of the Bulge

30

The Allied invasion of North Africa that marked the first combat action by American soldiers in WWII

Operation Torch

31

Which term does not relate to the others?
a) anti-Semitism
b) Kristallnacht
c) Stalingrad
d) ghetto

c) Stalingrad

32

Which term does not relate to the others?
a) Final Solution
b) concentration camp
c) Allies
d) Holocaust

c) Allies

33

What did the US do to help European Jews during WWII?

Created War Refugee Board

34

In what ways did the Nazis try to control and then eliminate the Jews during Hitler's rule?

genocide, Final Solution, Holocaust

35

How did anti-Semitism in Germany rise to a new level in November 1938?

Kristallnacht, concentration camps

36

The organization that the US gov't set up to offer help to potential victims of Nazi oppression was called the __

War Refugee Board

37

Which were facilities built by the Nazis to imprison Jews?

concentration camps

38

The Nazis encouraged Germans to riot against Jews in what has become known as __

Kristallnacht

39

The Nazi plan to murder the entire Jewish population of Europe and the Soviet Union was known as __

the Final Solution

40

A neighborhood in which the Nazis would confine Jews was known as __

a ghetto