1 Anatomy & Physiology (Lecture) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1 Anatomy & Physiology (Lecture) Deck (81):
1

Atoms are

fundimental units of matter

2

Moiecules are

combinations of atoms

3

Organelles are

particles that perform

4

Cells are

fundimental units of life

5

Tissues are

groups of similar cells that perform the same function.

6

Organs/Glands

Structures that perform specialized functions

7

Organ Systems

Groups of organs that work together

8

Organism

organ systems working together to make a body

9

Region

where the structure is located

10

Attachments

What is connected to the structure

11

Gross anatomy

large visable structures

12

Superficial anatomy

surface structures

13

XXX Regional anatomy

specific location internal and external

14

Systemic anatomy

specific organ systems

15

Histological anatomy

microscopic structure

16

Developemental anatomy

growth and change

17

Clinical anatomy

this is how organs change of desease

18

Cephalic

Head

19

Otic

Ear

20

Occular

Eye

21

Cervical

Neck

22

Thoracic

Chest

23

Axillary

Arm pit

24

Brachial

Upper Arm

25

Antebrachium

Lower Arm

26

Antecubital

Front of Elbow

27

Olecranon

Back of Elbow

28

Carpus

Wrist

29

Manus

Hand

30

Acromial

Shoulder

31

Lumbar

Lower Back

32

Inguinal (groin)

Leg meets Pelvis

33

Pubis

Front of Pelvis

34

Femoral

Upper Leg

35

Crural

Lower Leg

36

Patellar

Front of Knee

37

Popiteal

Back of Knee

38

Tarsus

Ankle

39

Pedis

Foot

40

Plantar

Bottom of foot

41

Integument

Skin

42

Skeletal

Appendicular and Axial

43

Muscle

Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth

44

Nervous

CNS Brain & Spine PNS Everything else

45

Endocrine

Pineal, Pituitary, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Ovary, Testies

46

Cardiobascular

Heart and 3 Large Vessels (Aorta, Vena Cava Sup and Inf)

47

Lymphatic / Immune

Thymus, Spleen, Lymph nodes

48

Respiratory

Nasal cavity, Sinuses, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachia, Lung, Bronchi, Diaphram

49

Digestive

Salivary gland, Mouth , Teeth , Pharnyx, Esophagus, Liver, Gallbladder, Stomach, Pancrease, Small Intestine, Large Intestitne, Anus

50

Urinary

Kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra

51

Reproductive

Ovary and Testie

52

Homeostasis

Ability to maintain a stable internal environment

53

External Environment

Digestive tract, Respiratory tract, Urinary tract

54

Internal Environment

Fluid around cells. Extra cellular fluid

55

Interstitial fluid

surrounds all of the living cells of the body

56

Plasma

fluid in blood vessels

57

Trans-cellular fluid

fills some holllow organs like eyes and joints

58

Intra-cellurar fluid

fluid inside cells

59

XXX Negative feedback

process of reversing a change

60

Reflex arc

consists of 3 parts (sensory receptors, control center, effectors)

61

Sensory Receptors

detects changes communicates to brain along an afferent pathway

62

Control center

anylizes sensory input and determines a response. The brain relays changes along an efferent pathway.

63

Effectors

Muscles & Glands that restore homeostasis

64

Anatomic position

Standing facing forward palms forward

65

Prone position

face down horizontal

66

Supine position

face up horizontal

67

Anatomy

Structure (morphology)

68

69

70

Sagittal / Medial

Divides L & R

71

Coronal / Frontal

Divides front and back

72

Transverse / horizontal / transaxial

divdes top and bottom

73

Dorsal cavity

Brain & Spine

74

Crainial cavity

Brain

75

Vertebral cavity

spine

76

Ventral cavity

shoulder to diaphragm

77

Thoracic Cavity

shoulder to diaphragm

78

Pleural Cavity

contains lungs

79

Mediastinum

cavity between lungs

80

Abdominal cavity

Pelvice cavity

Abdominopelvic cavity

81

 Pericardial Cavity

Holds the heart