11.2 The Origins of Personality Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology > 11.2 The Origins of Personality > Flashcards

Flashcards in 11.2 The Origins of Personality Deck (10):
1

id

- the component of personality that forms the basis of our most primitive impulses

2

superego

- our sense of morality and oughts

3

reality principle

- the idea that we must delay gratification of our basic motivations until the appropriate time with the appropriate outlet

4

ego

- the largely conscious controller or decision-maker of personality

5

defense mechanisms

- unconscious psychological strategies used to cope with anxiety and to maintain a positive self-image

6

neo-Freudian theories

- The neo-Freudian theories are theories based on Freudian principles that emphasize the role of the unconscious and early experience in shaping personality but place less evidence on sexuality as the primary motivating force in personality and are more optimistic concerning the prospects for personality growth and change in personality in adults.

7

collective consciousness

- a collection of shared ancestral memories

8

self-concept

- the set of beliefs about who we are, and self-esteem, our positive feelings about the self

9

self-actualization

- the motivation to develop our innate potential to the fullest possible extent

10

unconditional positive regard

- a set of behaviors including being genuine, open to experience, transparent, able to listen to others, and self-disclosing and empathic

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