8.1 Memories as Types and Stages Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology > 8.1 Memories as Types and Stages > Flashcards

Flashcards in 8.1 Memories as Types and Stages Deck (19):
1

explicit memory

- knowledge or experiences that can be consciously remembered

2

episodic memory

- the firsthand experiences that we have had

3

semantic memory

- our knowledge of facts and concepts about the world

4

recall memory test

- a measure of explicit memory that involves bringing from memory information that has previously been remembered

5

recognition memory test

- a measure of explicit memory that involves determining whether information has been seen or learned before

6

relearning (or savings)

- assess how much more quickly information is processed or learned when it is studied again after it has already been learned but then forgotten

7

implicit memory

- the influence of experience on behavior, even if the individual is not aware of those influences

8

procedural memory

- our often unexplainable knowledge of how to do things

9

priming

- changes in behavior as a result of experiences that have happened frequently or recently

10

sensory memory

- the brief storage of sensory information.

11

visual sensory memory

- iconic memory

12

auditory sensory memory

- echoic memory

13

eidetic memory

- people can report details of an image over long periods of time

14

short-term memory (STM)

- the place where small amounts of information can be temporarily kept for more than a few seconds but usually for less than one minute

15

working memory

- the processes that we use to make sense of, modify, interpret, and store information in STM

16

central executive

- the part of working memory that directs attention and processing

17

maintenance rehearsal

- the process of repeating information mentally or out loud with the goal of keeping it in memory

18

chunking

- the process of organizing information into smaller groupings (chunks), thereby increasing the number of items that can be held in STM

19

long-term memory (LTM)

- memory storage that can hold information for days, months, and years

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