6.1 Conception and Prenatal Development Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology > 6.1 Conception and Prenatal Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in 6.1 Conception and Prenatal Development Deck (15):
1

development

- the physiological, behavioral, cognitive, and social changes that occur throughout human life, which are guided by both genetic predispositions (nature) and by environmental influences (nurture)

2

infancy

- the developmental stage that begins at birth and continues to one year of age

3

childhood

- the period between infancy and the onset of puberty

4

adolesence

- the years between the onset of puberty and the beginning of adulthood

5

adulthood

- emerging, early, middle, and older adulthood

6

conception

- when an egg from the mother is fertilized by a sperm from the father

7

ovulation

- when an ovum, or egg (the largest cell in the human body), which has been stored in one of the mother’s two ovaries, matures and is released into the fallopian tube

8

zygote

- a fertilized ovum

9

embryo

- once the zygote attaches to the wall of the uterus

10

amniotic sac

- the fluid-filled reservoir in which the embryo (soon to be known as a fetus) will live until birth, and which acts as both a cushion against outside pressure and as a temperature regulato

11

placenta

- an organ that allows the exchange of nutrients between the embryo and the mother, while at the same time filtering out harmful material

12

umbilical cord

- links the embryo directly to the placenta and transfers all material to the fetus

13

fetus

- beginning in the 9th week after conception

14

teratogens

- substances that can harm the fetus

15

fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)

- a condition caused by maternal alcohol drinking that can lead to numerous detrimental developmental effects, including limb and facial abnormalities, genital anomalies, and mental retardation

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