9.1 Defining and Measuring Intelligence Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology > 9.1 Defining and Measuring Intelligence > Flashcards

Flashcards in 9.1 Defining and Measuring Intelligence Deck (18):
1

general intelligence factor (g)

- the construct that the different abilities and skills measured on intelligence tests have in common

2

specific intelligence (s)

- a measure of specific skills in narrow domains

3

fluid intelligence

- the capacity to learn new ways of solving problems and performing activities

4

crystallized intelligence

- the accumulated knowledge of the world we have acquired throughout our lives

5

triarchic (three-part) theory of intelligence

proposes that people may display more or less analytical intelligence, creative intelligence, and practical intelligence

6

convergent thinking

- thinking that is directed toward finding the correct answer to a given problem

7

divergent thinking

- the ability to generate many different ideas for or solutions to a single problem

8

autistic savants

- people who score low on intelligence tests overall but who nevertheless may have exceptional skills in a given domain, such as math, music, art, or in being able to recite statistics in a given sport

9

standardization test

- giving it to a large number of people at different ages and computing the average score on the test at each age level

10

Flynn effect

- observation that scores on intelligence tests worldwide have increased substantially over the past decades

11

mental age

- the age at which a person is performing intellectually

12

intelligence quotient (IQ)

- a measure of intelligence that is adjusted for age

13

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)

- the most widely used intelligence test for adults

14

aptitude test

- designed to measure one‘s ability to perform a given task, for instance, to do well in college or in postgraduate training

15

personnel selection

- the use of structured tests to select people who are likely to perform well at given jobs

16

emotional intelligence

- the ability to accurately identify, assess, and understand emotions, as well as to effectively control one’s own emotions

17

personal intelligence

- the capacity to understand the emotions, intentions, motivations, and desires of other people

18

interpersonal intelligence

- the capacity to understand oneself, including one‘s emotions

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