12.2 Anxiety and Dissociative Disorders: Fearing the World Around Us Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology > 12.2 Anxiety and Dissociative Disorders: Fearing the World Around Us > Flashcards

Flashcards in 12.2 Anxiety and Dissociative Disorders: Fearing the World Around Us Deck (12):
1

anxiety

- the nervousness or agitation that we sometimes experience, often about something that is going to happen

2

anxiety disorders

- psychological disturbances marked by irrational fears, often of everyday objects and situations

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generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)

- a psychological disorder diagnosed in situations in which a person has been excessively worrying about money, health, work, family life, or relationships for at least 6 months, even though he or she knows that the concerns are exaggerated, and when the anxiety causes significant distress and dysfunction

4

panic disorder

- a psychological disorder characterized by sudden attacks of anxiety and terror that have led to significant behavioral changes in the person’s life

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phobia

- a specific fear of a certain object, situation, or activity

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social phobia

- extreme shyness around people or discomfort in social situations

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agoraphobia

- anxiety about being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult or embarrassing, or in which help may not be available

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Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

- a psychological disorder that is diagnosed when an individual continuously experiences distressing or frightening thoughts, and engages in obsessions (repetitive thoughts) orcompulsions (repetitive behaviors) in an attempt to calm these thoughts

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dissociative disorder

- a condition that involves disruptions or breakdowns of memory, awareness, and identity

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Dissociative amnesia

- a psychological disorder that involves extensive, but selective, memory loss, but in which there is no physiological explanation for the forgetting

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dissociative fugue

- a psychological disorder in which an individual loses complete memory of his or her identity and may even assume a new one, often far from home

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Dissociative identity disorder

- a psychological disorder in which two or more distinct and individual personalities exist in the same person, and there is an extreme memory disruption regarding personal information about the other personalities

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