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Gruber's 2300 > 1610 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1610 Deck (46):
1

overweening

D. extremely proud; immoderate

E. a director who has little patience for overweening actors who think they are above taking advice and criticism / overweening desire for wealth and fame

2

pacifist

D. one who opposes wars

3

paean

\ˈpē-ən\

D. a song of joy or praise

E. his retirement party featured many paeans for his long years of service to the company

4

palatable

D. suitable for eating

5

palatial

D. very large and impressive, like a palace

6

palaver

\pə-ˈla-vər\

D. idle talk

E. Enough of this palaver. We have a lot to discuss.

7

pall

D. to become boring or otherwise bothersome

E. his humor began to pall on us

8

palliate

\ˈpa-lē-ˌāt\

D. to lessen (pain); to excuse

E. treatments that can palliate the painful symptoms of the disease / don't try to palliate your constant lying by claiming that everybody lies

9

pallid

\ˈpa-ləd\

D. pale

E. The movie is a pallid version of the classic novel

10

palpable

\ˈpal-pə-bəl\

D. able to be felt or to be grasped by the senses

E. The attraction between them was palpable. / There was a palpable excitement in the air as the town prepared for the festival.

11

paltry

\ˈpȯl-trē\

D. insignificant

E. a paltry, underhanded scheme to get someone fired / the hotel's shabby, outdated exercise room was its paltry attempt at a health spa

12

panacea

\ˌpa-nə-ˈsē-ä\

D. a cure-all

E. The law will improve the lives of local farmers, but it is no panacea. / a woman who seems to believe that chicken soup is a panacea for nearly everything

13

pander

D. to cater to another's unworthy desires, especially sexual

E. The speech was pandering to racial prejudice. / He refuses to pander to the latest fashions.

14

panegyric

\ˌpa-nə-ˈjir-ik\

D. a formal tribute, a speech or piece of writing praising somebody/something

E. wrote a panegyric on the centennial of the Nobel laureate's birth /

15

panoply

\ˈpa-nə-plē\

D. a suit of armor; a large and impressive number or collection of something

E. the full panoply of a military funeral / no need for the panoply of power

16

paradigm

\ˈper-ə-ˌdīm\

D. an example or model

E. a new study that challenges the current evolutionary paradigm

17

paradox

D. a statement that appears false but may be true; a statement that contradicts itself and is false

18

paragon

\ˈper-ə-ˌgän\

D. a model of perfection

E. in Arthurian legend, Sir Galahad is depicted as the one knight who is a paragon of virtue

19

paramount

D. chief; dominent

20

paranoia

\ˌper-ə-ˈnȯi-ə\

D. a mental illness in which a person may wrongly believe that other people are trying to harm them, that they are somebody very important, etc. (nous-mind)

E. I had to admit that my fears were just paranoia.

21

paraphernalia

\ˌper-ə-fə(r)-ˈnāl-yə\

D. a large number of objects or personal possessions, especially the equipment that you need for a particular activity

E. an electric kettle and all the paraphernalia for making tea and coffee

22

parasite

D. a person who always relies on or benefits from other people and gives nothing back

E. He regards students as parasites on society.

23

paregoric

\ˌpa-rə-ˈgȯr-ik\

D. a medicine, used especially to relieve pain

24

pariah

\pə-ˈrī-yä\

D. an outcast

E. I felt like a pariah when I wore the wrong outfit to the dinner party.

25

parity

D. equality

E. Prison officers are demanding pay parity with the police force. / In many professions women have yet to achieve anything like parity at the higher levels.

26

parlance

\ˈpär-lən(t)s\

D. a manner of speaking or writing

E. in common/legal/modern parlance / A Munro, in climbing parlance, is a Scottish mountain exceeding 3000 feet.

27

paroxysm

\ˈpa-rək-ˌsi-zəm\

D. an attack or convulsion

E. He went into paroxysms of laughter.

28

parricide

\ˈpa-rə-ˌsīd\

D. the killing of a parent

29

parry

\ˈper-ē\

D. to defend yourself against somebody who is attacking you by pushing their arm, weapon, etc. to one side

E. He parried and then threw a punch. / She cleverly parried the reporters' questions.

30

parsimony

\ˈpär-sə-ˌmō-nē\

D. stinginess

E. her parsimony was so extreme that she'd walk five miles to the store to save a few cents on gas

31

partiality

\ˌpär-shē-ˈa-lə-tē\

D. bias; prejudice

E. a person with an unfortunate partiality for jumping to conclusions

32

parvenu

\ˈpär-və-ˌnü\

D. one who has risen in wealth or power quickly

E. the kind of trophy house that a parvenu buys to prove to people, and to himself, that he has indeed arrived

33

passive

D. yeilding

34

pastoral

\ˈpas-t(ə-)rəl\

D. pertaining to shepherds or rural life in general

E. The house is situated in a charming pastoral setting.

35

patent

D. obvious

36

pathetic

D. pitiful

37

pathos

D. a feeling of pity or sorrow

38

patriarch

\ˈpā-trē-ˌärk\

D. a father and ruler

E. The tribe's patriarch ruled for 20 years before his death.

39

patricide

D. the killing of one's father

40

patrimony

\ˈpa-trə-ˌmō-nē\

D. an inheritance

E. These historic landmarks are an important part of our cultural patrimony.

41

paucity

D. scarcity

E. a paucity of useful answers to the problem of traffic congestion at rush hour

42

peccadillo

\ˌpe-kə-ˈdi-(ˌ)lō\

D. a minor fault

E. She forgave her husband's sexual peccadilloes.

43

peculate

\ˈpe-kyə-ˌlāt\

D. to embezzle

44

pecuniary

\pə-ˈkyü-nē-ˌer-ē\

D. pertaining to money

E. the judge recused himself from the case because he had a pecuniary interest in the company that was being sued

45

pedagogue

\ˈpe-də-ˌgäg\

D. teacher, schoolmaster; especially : a dull, formal, or pedantic teacher

E. a pedagogue whose classroom lessons consisted entirely of reading directly from the textbook in a monotone

46

pedantic

D. narrow-minded in teaching

E. a pedantic insistence on the correct way of doing things