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Flashcards in 690 Deck (46):
1

diadem

\ˈd(ī)-ə-ˌdem\

D. a crown

E. Miss America's diadem was auctioned off for charity.

2

diapason

\ˌdī-ə-ˈp(ā)-zən\

D. the entire range of music sounds

E. the survey ultimately recorded the full diapason of seemingly possible replies regarding sexual practices

3

diaphanous

\dī-ˈ(a)-fə-nəs\

D. transparent or translucent

E. the bride wore a diaphanous veil / had only a diaphanous hope of success

4

diatribe

\ˈdī-ə-ˌtrīb\

D. a bitter denunciation

E. The article is a diatribe against mainstream media.

5

dichotomy

\dī-ˈkä-tə-mē\

D. a division into two parts

E. Her essay discusses the dichotomy between good and evil in the author's novels. / her outfit is a sartorial dichotomy: an elegant gown and ratty old tennis shoes

6

dictum

\ˈdik-təm\

D. an authoritative stement

E. A doctor must follow the dictum of “First, do no harm.”

7

didactic

D. instructive

E. the poet's works became increasingly didactic after his religious conversion

8

diffident

D. unconfident; timid

E. He was modest and diffident about his own success.

9

diffusion

D. the act of spreading out at all direction

E. The problem is how to diffuse power without creating anarchy. / The moon was fuller than the night before, but the light was diffused by cloud.

10

digress

D. to deviate, specially in writing and speaking

E. If I can digress for a moment, I'd like to briefly mention her earlier films.

11

dilapidation

\-ˌla-pə-ˈdā-shən\

D. a state of disrepair

E. furniture is dilapidated by use

12

dilate

D. to expand

E. The drug causes the blood vessels to dilate. / During labor, a woman's cervix will dilate to about 10 centimeters.

13

dilatory

\ˈdi-lə-ˌtȯr-ē\

D. tending to delay; tardy

E. the homeowner is claiming that local firefighters were dilatory in responding to the call

14

dilemma

\də-ˈle-mə also dī-\

D. a choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives

15

dilettante

\ˈdi-lə-ˌtänt\

D. one who involves himself in the arts as a pastime

E. You can always tell a true expert from a dilettante.

16

diligent

D. hard-working

17

diminution

\ˌdi-mə-ˈnü-shən\

D. a lessening

E. a diminution of 60 percent over the course of the month

18

dint

\ˈdint\

D. means

E. succeeded by dint of hard work

19

dire

\ˈdī(-ə)r\

D. terrible, fatal, extreme

E. Even the smallest mistake could have dire consequences.

20

dirge

\ˈdərj\

D. funeral music

E. bagpipes played a haunting dirge at the funeral for the fallen leader

21

disavowal

D. a denial

22

discernible

D. able to be seen or distinguish

23

discerning

D. having good judgement, astute

24

disclaim

D. to disown

E. disclaimed any knowledge of the contents of the letter

25

discomfit

\dis-ˈkəm-fət\

D. frustrate; thwarte; disconcert

E. to be discomfited by a question. / The army was discomfited in every battle.

26

disconcert

\ˌdis-kən-ˈsərt\

D. to upset or confuse

E. we were disconcerted by the unexpected changes to the program

27

disconsolate

\dis-ˈkän-sə-lət\

D. sad, dejected

E. the team returned disconsolate from three losses

28

discordant

D. not harmonious

29

discountenance


D. to make ashamed, to discourage

E. discountenanced all bellicose statements

30

discreet

D. showing good judgement in conduct, prudent

E. he was very discreet, only saying what was necessary

31

secrete

\si-ˈkrēt\

D. separate; not connected

E. The drugs were secreted in the lining of his case.

32

discretion

D. individual judgement; quality of being discreet

E. She handled the awkward situation with great discretion. / The coach used his own discretion to let the injured quarterback play. / Each artist in the gallery has discretion over the price that will be charged for his or her work.

33

discursive

D. passing from one subject to another

E. the speaker's discursive style made it difficult to understand his point

34

disdain

D. to think (sth or sb) unworthy

E. He regarded their proposal with disdain. / I have a healthy disdain for companies that mistreat their workers.

35

disheveled

\di-ˈshev-əl-d\

D. messy

E. His wrinkled suit gave him a disheveled appearance.

36

disingenuous

\ˌdis-in-ˈjen-yə-wəs\

D. insincere

E. Her recent expressions of concern are self-serving and disingenuous.

37

disinterested

D. not influenced by personal advantage

E. the disinterested pursuit of truth

38

disjointed

D. disconnected

39

disparage

D. to belittle

E. Voters don't like political advertisements in which opponents disparage one another.

40

disperse

D. to scatter or distribute

E. the fog dispersed toward morning / The seeds are dispersed by the wind.

41

disport

D. to amuse or divert

E. a full-service resort where vacationers may disport at a variety of indoor and outdoor activities / disported themselves with silly games while they waited in the airport

42

disputatious

D. inclined to dispute

43

disquisition

\ˌdis-kwə-ˈzi-shən\

D. a formal inquiry; an elaborate essay

E. Adam Smith's celebrated disquisition on the factors contributing to the wealth of nations.

44

dissemble

D. to disguise or pretend

E. he dissembled happiness at the news that his old girlfriend was getting married—to someone else

45

disseminate

D. to scatter

46

dissident

D. not agreeing

E. dissident elements within the Catholic Church