Flashcards in 2116 Deck (46):
D. very dirty and unpleasant; involving low moral standards or dishonest behaviour
E. squalid, overcrowded refugee camps / It was a squalid affair involving prostitutes and drugs.
D. to waste
E. He squandered all his money on gambling.
D. not amusing or interesting; boring and old-fashioned; sober
E. The museum is trying to get rid of its staid image.
D. a loyal supporter who does a lot of work for an organization, especially a political party
E. They have been stalwarts of the local amateur dramatic society for over 30 years.
D. the physical or mental strength that enables you to do something difficult for long periods of time
E. It takes a lot of stamina to run a marathon.
D. looking severe and without any colour or decoration; unpleasant, real, and impossible to avoid; complete and total
E. I think white would be too stark for the bedroom. / The remains of the building stand as a stark reminder of the fire. / The children watched in stark terror.
D. position or state
D. steadfast in loyalty or principle
E. He's a staunch believer in the value of regular exercise.
D. pertaining to the stars; excellent
E. a stellar performance
D. loud and powerful
E. He spoke in stentorian tones.
D. a sign of disgrace
E. There is no longer any stigma attached to being divorced.
D. not natural or relaxed; too formal
E. We made stilted conversation for a few moments.
D. to restrict or holdback; a period of time spent at a particular activity
E. stinted herself of luxuries / served a brief stint as a waiter
E. a monthly stipend / a summer internship with a small stipend
D. showing no reaction
D. not showing much emotion or interest; remaining always the same and not reacting or changing
E. Mark sat stolid and silent.
D. a narrow water way; a difficult situation
E. The factory is in dire straits. / She found herself in desperate financial straits.
D. a trick, scheme or plan that you use to gain an advantage or to trick an opponent
E. to adopt a cunning stratagem
D. having a harsh or shrill sound
E. Licences are only granted under the most stringent conditions.
D. striped or furrowed
D. a severe criticism, especially of somebody's behaviour; a rule or situation that restricts your behaviour
E. She merely ignored any strictures on the way she dressed. / strictures against civil servants expressing political opinions
D. to make feel very bored and unable to think of new ideas
E. he stultifying effects of work that never varies
D. urbane; polished
E. The manager was suave and sophisticated.
D. subordinate; lower in rank
D. to conquer
E. Her personal ambitions had been subjugated to (= considered less important than) the needs of her family.
D. to direct your energy, especially sexual energy, to socially acceptable activities such as work, exercise, art, etc.; to improve or refine as if subliming (昇華）
E. She sublimated her erotic feelings into a series of paintings. / I sublimated my grief at the death of my mother by throwing myself into my work.
D. to cause to pass directly from the solid to the vapor state; exalted; extreme, especially in a way that shows they are not aware of what they are doing
E. sublime beauty / the sublime confidence of youth
D. to pay or persuade somebody to do something illegal, especially to tell lies in court
E. to suborn a witness
D. in private (literally, under the rose; from the ancient association of the rose with secrecy)
D. combining later; happening or coming after something else
E. subsequent generations / Subsequent events confirmed our doubts.
E. The press was accused of being subservient to the government. / Every consideration was subservient to the overriding need to cut costs.
D. connected with something but less important than it
E. I'm taking History as a subsidiary subject(= one that is not studied in as great depth as a main subject). / a subsidiary matter
D. a grant of money
D. the state of having just enough money or food to stay alive
E. Many families are living below the level of subsistence.
D. to confirm
D. a secret, usually dishonest, way of behaving
E. Journalists often use subterfuge to obtain material for stories.
D. not very noticeable or obvious; behaving in a clever way, and using indirect methods, in order to achieve something
E. subtle colours, flavours, smells, etc. / I decided to try a more subtle approach.
D. trying or likely to destroy or damage a government or political system by attacking it secretly or indirectly
E. He was a known political subversive.
d. brief and clear
D. help that you give to somebody who is suffering or having problems
E. to give/bring succour to the sick and wounded
D. to spread all over or throughout somebody or something
E. Her face was suffused with colour. / The room was suffused with a soft golden light.
D. to spoil or reduce the value of something
E. By cheating they have sullied the good name of their country.
D. very hot and uncomfortable; sexually attractive, seeming to have strong sexual feelings
E. The weather was still very heavy and sultry. / a sultry smile