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Flashcards in 2116 Deck (46):
1

squalid

\ˈskwä-ləd\

D. very dirty and unpleasant; involving low moral standards or dishonest behaviour

E. squalid, overcrowded refugee camps / It was a squalid affair involving prostitutes and drugs.

2

squander

\skwände'r\

D. to waste

E. He squandered all his money on gambling.

3

staid

\steb\

D. not amusing or interesting; boring and old-fashioned; sober

E. The museum is trying to get rid of its staid image.

4

stalwart

\'stol-we'rt\

D. a loyal supporter who does a lot of work for an organization, especially a political party

E. They have been stalwarts of the local amateur dramatic society for over 30 years.

5

stamina

\'sta-me'-nä\

D. the physical or mental strength that enables you to do something difficult for long periods of time

E. It takes a lot of stamina to run a marathon.

6

stark

D. looking severe and without any colour or decoration; unpleasant, real, and impossible to avoid; complete and total

E. I think white would be too stark for the bedroom. / The remains of the building stand as a stark reminder of the fire. / The children watched in stark terror.

7

status

D. position or state

8

staunch. stanch

ˈstänch\

D. steadfast in loyalty or principle

E. He's a staunch believer in the value of regular exercise.

9

stellar

D. pertaining to the stars; excellent

E. a stellar performance

10

stentorian

D. loud and powerful

E. He spoke in stentorian tones.

11

stigma

\'stig-mä\

D. a sign of disgrace

E. There is no longer any stigma attached to being divorced.

12

stilted

D. not natural or relaxed; too formal

E. We made stilted conversation for a few moments.

13

stint

D. to restrict or holdback; a period of time spent at a particular activity

E. stinted herself of luxuries / served a brief stint as a waiter

14

stipend

\'stī-pe'nd\

D. salary

E. a monthly stipend / a summer internship with a small stipend

15

stoical

D. showing no reaction

16

stolid

\'stä-lid\

D. not showing much emotion or interest; remaining always the same and not reacting or changing

E. Mark sat stolid and silent.

17

strait

D. a narrow water way; a difficult situation

E. The factory is in dire straits. / She found herself in desperate financial straits.

18

stratagem

\'strä-te'-ge'm\

D. a trick, scheme or plan that you use to gain an advantage or to trick an opponent

E. to adopt a cunning stratagem

19

strident

D. having a harsh or shrill sound

20

stringent

D. strict

E. Licences are only granted under the most stringent conditions.

21

striated

\ˈstrī-ˌā-təd\

D. striped or furrowed

22

stricture

D. a severe criticism, especially of somebody's behaviour; a rule or situation that restricts your behaviour

E. She merely ignored any strictures on the way she dressed. / strictures against civil servants expressing political opinions

23

stultify

\'sto-te'-fī\

D. to make feel very bored and unable to think of new ideas

E. he stultifying effects of work that never varies

24

suave

\'swäf\

D. urbane; polished

E. The manager was suave and sophisticated.

25

subaltern

\sə-ˈbȯl-tərn\

D. subordinate; lower in rank

26

subjugate

\'säb-ji-gāt\

D. to conquer

E. Her personal ambitions had been subjugated to (= considered less important than) the needs of her family.

27

sublimate

\'sä-ble'-māt\

D. to direct your energy, especially sexual energy, to socially acceptable activities such as work, exercise, art, etc.; to improve or refine as if subliming (昇華)

E. She sublimated her erotic feelings into a series of paintings. / I sublimated my grief at the death of my mother by throwing myself into my work.

28

sublime

\sə-ˈblīm\

D. to cause to pass directly from the solid to the vapor state; exalted; extreme, especially in a way that shows they are not aware of what they are doing

E. sublime beauty / the sublime confidence of youth

29

suborn

\se'-'born\

D. to pay or persuade somebody to do something illegal, especially to tell lies in court

E. to suborn a witness

30

sub rosa

\ˌsäb-ˈrō-zə\

D. in private (literally, under the rose; from the ancient association of the rose with secrecy)

31

subsequent

D. combining later; happening or coming after something else

E. subsequent generations / Subsequent events confirmed our doubts.

32

subservient

D. servile

E. The press was accused of being subservient to the government. / Every consideration was subservient to the overriding need to cut costs.

33

subsidiary

\säb-'si-diā-rē\

D. connected with something but less important than it

E. I'm taking History as a subsidiary subject(= one that is not studied in as great depth as a main subject). / a subsidiary matter

34

subsidy

D. a grant of money

35

subsistence

\säb-'sis-te'ns\

D. the state of having just enough money or food to stay alive

E. Many families are living below the level of subsistence.

36

substanciate

D. to confirm

37

subterfuge

\'säb-te'r-fyü-g\

D. a secret, usually dishonest, way of behaving

E. Journalists often use subterfuge to obtain material for stories.

38

subtle

D. not very noticeable or obvious; behaving in a clever way, and using indirect methods, in order to achieve something

E. subtle colours, flavours, smells, etc. / I decided to try a more subtle approach.

39

subversive

D. trying or likely to destroy or damage a government or political system by attacking it secretly or indirectly

E. He was a known political subversive.

40

succinct

d. brief and clear

41

succor

\'sä-ke'r\

D. help that you give to somebody who is suffering or having problems

E. to give/bring succour to the sick and wounded

42

succulent

D. juicy

43

suffuse

\se'-'fyüs\

D. to spread all over or throughout somebody or something

E. Her face was suffused with colour. / The room was suffused with a soft golden light.

44

sully

D. to spoil or reduce the value of something

E. By cheating they have sullied the good name of their country.

45

sultry

\'sol-trē\

D. very hot and uncomfortable; sexually attractive, seeming to have strong sexual feelings

E. The weather was still very heavy and sultry. / a sultry smile

46

summation

\se'-'mā-she'n\

D. a summary of what has been done or said; a collection of different parts that forms a complete account or impression of somebody or something

E. What he said was a fair summation of the discussion. / The exhibition presents a summation of the artist's career.