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Flashcards in 1104 Deck (46):
1

hauteur

\hä-ˈtər\

D. haughtiness

E. she looked at him with the hauteur of someone who is accustomed to being instantly obeyed

2

hawser

\ˈhä-zər\

D. a large rope or cable for mooring or anchoring a ship

3

hector

D. to bully

E. The judge ordered the attorney to stop hectoring the witness.

4

hedonism

\ˈhē-də-ˌni-zəm\

D. the pursuit of pleasure as a primary goal of life

E. their spring break trip to Mexico became an exercise in heedless hedonism

5

heedless

D. careless; unmindful

6

hegemony

\hi-ˈje-mə-nē\

D. leadership; dominance

E. European intellectuals have long debated the consequences of the hegemony of American popular culture around the world.

7

heinous

\ˈhā-nəs\

D. abominable, hatefully or shockingly evil

E. These murders were especially heinous.

8

herbaceous

\ˌ(h)ər-ˈbā-shəs\

D. pertaining to herbs or leaves

9

herculean

D. of great size, strength, or courage

10

heresy

\ˈher-ə-sē\

D. a religious belief opposed by the church

E. He was burned at the stake for heresy. / The idea is heresy to most employees of the firm.

11

heterodox

ˈhe-tə-rə-ˌdäks\

D. inclining toward heresy, unorthodox

E. her heterodox approach to teaching science initially met with some resistance from her peers

12

heterogeneous

D. varied

13

hiatus

\hī-ˈā-təs\

D. a gape or break

E. The band is making an album again after a five-year hiatus.

14

hibernal

D. pertaining to winter

15

hierarchy

\ˈhī-(ə-)ˌrär-kē\

D. an arrangement in order of rank

E. He was at the bottom of the corporate hierarchy.

16

hieratic

\ˌhī-(ə-)ˈra-tik\

D. priestly; highly restrained

E. Some of the more hieratic sculptures leave the viewer curiously unmoved.

17

hieroglyphic

\ˌhī-(ə-)rə-ˈgli-fik\

D. written in symbols; hard to understand

18

hilarity

\hi-'le-rə-tē\

D. mirth; boisterous merriment or laughter

E. hilarity is the last thing you expect to find at a funeral, but we were there to celebrate his life rather than to dwell on his death

19

hinder

D. to restrain or hold back

20

hirsute

\ˈhər-ˌsüt\

D. hairy

E. wore a hirsute mask as part of his werewolf costume

21

histrionic

\ˌhis-trē-ˈä-nik\

D. theatrical, deliberately affected; pertaining to theatre

E. a penchant for dish throwing, door slamming, and other histrionic displays of temper

22

hoary

\ˈhȯr-ē\

D. white; white-haired; extremely old

E. a man hoary with age / a hoary tale of revenge

23

holocaust

\ˈhō-lə-ˌkȯst\

D. destruction by fire

E. The museum is devoted to the Holocaust.

24

homage

\ˈä-mij\

D. allegiance or honor

E. Her book is a homage to her favorite city.

25

homicide

D. the killing of one person by another

26

homily

\ˈhä-mə-lē\

D. a long, dull sermon

E. The priest gave a brief homily on forgiveness. / We had to listen to another one of his homilies about the value of public service.

27

homogenious

D. similar

28

hone

D. to sharpen

E. helped her hone her writing skill

29

hortatory

\ˈhȯr-tə-ˌtȯr-ē\

D. encouraging; giving advice

E. hortatory sermons

30

horticulture

\ˈhȯr-tə-ˌkəl-chər\

D. the growing of plants

E. a college of agriculture and horticulture

31

hybrid

D. a mix of unlike parts

E. The band plays a hybrid of jazz and rock.

32

hydrous

D. containing water

33

hyperbole

\hī-ˈpər-bə-(ˌ)lē\

D. exaggeration

E. “enough food to feed a whole army” is a common example of hyperbole

34

hypercritical

D. too critical

35

hypochondriac

\hī-pə-'cän-drē-ˌak\

D. a person who constantly believes he is ill

E. My brother is a real hypochondriac. Every time he reads about some new disease, he thinks he has it.

36

hypocritical

D. being a hypocrite; pretending to be what one is not

E. it's hypocritical to say mean things behind someone's back, and then to act nice when you want something from her

37

hypothetical

D. assumed; supposed

E. She described a hypothetical case to clarify her point.

38

iconoclast

D. one who attacks traditional ideas

39

ideology

\ˌī-dē-ˈä-lə-jē\

D. a body of ideas; a set of beliefs, especially one held by a particular group, that influences the way people behave

E. the ideology of gender roles

40

idiom

D. a phrase

41

idiosyncrasy

\ˌi-dē-ə-ˈsiŋ-krə-sē\

D. a personal peculiarity

E. Her habit of using “like” in every sentence was just one of her idiosyncrasies.

42

idolatry

\i-'do-le'-trē\

D. worship

E. her idolatry of her favorite rock star is one step removed (outside but near) from stalking

43

idyll

\'ī-dəl\

D. a short poem or other piece of writing that describes a peaceful and happy scene

E. her year as a vineyard worker in the south of France was not the idyll that she had expected it to be

44

igneous

\ˈig-nē-əs\

D. pertaining to or produced by fire

E. igneous rock

45

ignoble

\ig-ˈnō-bəl\

D. dishonorable; base

E. such an ignoble act is completely unworthy of a military officer

46

ignominious

\ˌig-nə-ˈmi-nē-əs\

D. shameful; disgrading

E. the prison guards degraded themselves with their inhumane, ignominious treatment of the prisoners