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Flashcards in 2070 Deck (46):
1

sheathe

\ˈshēth\

D. to cover something (a knife or a sword) in a material, especially in order to protect it

E. sometimes shipbuilders sheathe a ship's bottom with copper for extra protection from barnacles and other threats

2

shibboleth

\ˈshi-bə-ləth\

D. an old idea, principle or phrase that is no longer accepted; a custom, word, etc. that distinguishes one group of people from another

E. the crumbling of old political shibboleths / "Utility is our national shibboleth: the savior of the American businessman is fact and his uterine half-brother, statistics."

3

shoddy

\ˈshä-dē\

D. cheap; poorly made

E. shoddy goods / shoddy treatment

4

shunt

D. to turn aside

E. John was shunted sideways to a job in sales.

5

sideral

\sī-'di-rē-āl\

D. related to the stars that are far away, not the sun or planets

6

simian

\ˈsi-mē-ən\

D. pertaining to the monkeys

E. a study of simian viruses

7

simile

\ˈsi-mə-(ˌ)lē\

D. a word or phrase that compares something to something else, using the words like or as

E. “She's as fierce as a tiger” is a simile, but “She's a tiger when she's angry” is a metaphor.

8

simper

\ˈsim-pər\

D. to smile in a silly manner

E. He simpered and smirked while he talked to the boss.

9

simulate

D. to pretend or fake

10

sinecure

\ˈsī-ni-ˌkyu̇r\

D. a job that you are paid for even though it involves little or no work

11

sinister

D. threatening; evil

E. the movie relies too much on sinister background music to create the suspense that the plot sorely lacks

12

sinuous

D. winding; devious

13

skeptical

D. doubting

14

skittish

D. playful; jumpy; marked by extreme caution

E. a skittish horse / We've been skittish about taking on such a large mortgage.

15

skulk

\ˈskəlk\

D. to hide or move around secretly, especially when you are planning something bad

E. There was someone skulking behind the bushes. / I don't want reporters skulking around here.

16

slake

D. to drink so that you no longer feel thirsty; to satisfy a desire

E. trying to slake his curiosity

17

slatternly

D. dirty; untidy

E. a slatternly girl

18

sleazy

D. dirty, unpleasant and not socially acceptable, especially because sex is involved; immoral and unpleasant

E. a sleazy neighbourhood / a sleazy reporter

19

slothful

D. lazy

20

slough

\slau\

D. a state of moral degradation or spiritual dejection; a place of deep mud or mire; to shed

21

slovenly

D. careless and untidy

E. He grew lazy and slovenly in his habits.

22

sluggard

\ˈslä-gərd\

D. a lazy person

E. tried to wake up the sluggards who were still sleeping at that late hour

23

sobriety

\sə-'brī-ə-tē\

D. soberness (not drunk, serious and sensible)

E. She was a model of sobriety and honesty. / the sobriety of the situation

24

sojourn

\'so-jərn\

D. a temporary stay in a place away from your home

E. Our family enjoyed a two-week sojourn in the mountains.

25

solecism

\'sä-le'-sē-se'm\

D. a mistake in the use of language in speech or writing; an example of bad manners or unacceptable behaviour

E. a social solecism / the solecism of asking one's hosts how much something in their house cost them

26

solicitous

\se'-'li-sē-te's\

D. expressing care

E. a solicitous host / ‘Are you cold?’ he asked solicitously.

27

soliloquy

\sə-ˈli-lə-kwē\

D. a talking to oneself (solus alone + loqui to speak)

E. Hamlet's famous soliloquy, ‘To be or not to be…’

28

solstice

\ˈsäl-stəs\

D. either of the two times of the year at which the sun reaches its highest or lowest point in the sky at midday, marked by the longest and shortest days

E. the summer/winter solstice

29

solvent

\säl-ve'nt\

D. a substance, especially a liquid, that can dissolve another substance; able to pay one's debts

E. industrial solvents for removing oil / He couldn't stay solvent after losing his business.

30

somatic

\sō-ˈma-tik\

D. pertaining to the body

E. a somatic disorder that was once thought to be “all in the patient's head”

31

somnabulism

\säm-ˈnam-byə-ˌli-zəm\

D. sleep-walking (somnus sleep + -ambulus walk, as in ambulant)

32

somnolent

\säm-ˈnam-le'nt\

D. almost asleep; making you feel tired (somnus sleep)

E. a somnolent Sunday afternoon

33

sonorous

D. rich and full (sound)

34

soothsayer

D. a person who is believed to be able to tell what will happen in the future

E. a soothsayer predicted that I would meet the man of my dreams online, assuming of course that I became a subscriber to the Web site's dating service

35

sophisticated

d. urbane; not native

36

sordid

\'sor-did\

D. immoral or dishonest; very dirty and unpleasant

E. It was a shock to discover the truth about his sordid past. / people living in sordid conditions

37

soupçon

\'sōp-sän\

D. a trace or hint; a very small amount

E. There was a soupçon of malice in her remark.

38

spasmodic

\spas-'mä-dik\

D. happening suddenly for short periods of time; not regular or continuous; caused by your muscles becoming tight in a way that you cannot control

E. a spasmodic interest in politics / spasmodic movements

39

specious

D. seeming right or true but actually wrong or false

E. a specious argument

40

spector

D. a ghost; something that haunts or perturbs the mind (specere to look)

E. feeling so terrified that every shadow became a specter / the specter of hunger

41

spectral

D. like a ghost; connected with a ghostconnected with a spectrum

E. a spectral figure / the full spectral range

42

splenetic

\sple'-ˈne-tik\

D. often bad-tempered and angry

E. the newspaper publisher's splenetic editorials often struck fear into local politicians

43

spontaneous

D. arising naturally

44

sporadic

D. occasional

E. sporadic outbreaks of the disease / Fighting continued sporadically for two months.

45

sportive

D. playful

E. a sportive pastor who began every sermon with a joke

46

spurious

\ˈspyu̇r-rē-əs\

D. false; not real; based on false ideas or ways of thinking

E. He had managed to create the entirely spurious impression that the company was thriving. / a spurious argument