4- Shoulder Conditions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 4- Shoulder Conditions Deck (12)
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1

List the 4 rotator cuff muscles

Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus
Teres minor
Subscapularis

2

What happens in shoudler impingement?

Tendons of rotator cuff are compressed in the tight subacromial space

3

What is the clinical sign of shoulder impingement?

Painful arc on abduction between 60-120 degrees

4

Outline treatment for shoulder impingement

NSAIDs, analgesia
Physiotherapy
Subacromial steroid injection
Surgical decompression

5

Give a classic history surrounding a rotator cuff tear

Sudden jerk e.g. holding a rail when a bus suddenly stops

6

Give another name for adhesive capsulitis affecting the shoulder

Frozen shoulder

7

Define adhesive capsulitis

Progressive pain + stiffness in the shoulder that resolves after 18-24mths

8

What is the principle clinical sign of adhesive capsulitis?

Loss of external rotation + restricted other movements

9

Which diseases are assoc. with frozen shoulder?

Diabetes
Hypercholesterolemia
Dupuytren's disease

10

What characterizes acute calcific tendonitis in the shoulder?

Acute severe shoulder pain
Calcium deposits on supraspinatus tendon

11

Which shoulder dislocation is more common - anterior or posterior?

Anterior

12

What is involved in Bankart repair for recurrent shoulder dislocations?

Stabilise shoulder by reattaching labrum and capsule to the anterior glenoid