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Flashcards in 6- Paediatric Regional Trauma Deck (15)
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1

What is meant by a greenstick fracture?

Degree of continuity of some fibres in bone fractures, like breaking green stick from a tree
i.e. partial fracture

2

The periosteum in children is much thicker and tends to remain in tact compared to in adults. True/False?

True

3

Children's fractures heal more quickly than adults. True/False?

True
Thicker periosteum with rich source of osteoblasts

4

What is Wolff's Law of bone healing in kids?

Children have much greater potential to remodel, with bone laid down along areas of stress

5

At what age are fractures in children treated as an adult's fracture?

12-14 years

6

What does the Salter-Harris classification of fractures describe?

Physeal fractures

7

Describe a Salter Harris I fracture

Pure physeal separation

8

Describe a Salter Harris II fracture

Physeal separation
Small metaphyseal fragment

9

Describe a Salter Harris III and IV fracture

Intra-articular fracture with splitting at the physis

10

Describe a Salter Harris V fracture

Compression injury to the physis with growth arrest

11

Prognosis of Salter Harris fractures is poorer with increasing classification. True/False?

True

12

Which Salter Harris fracture is most common?

Salter Harris II fractures

13

What is the usual site of Salter Harris II fractures in children?

Distal radial physis

14

In children less than 2 years old, over 50% of femoral shaft fractures are due to NAI. True/False?

True

15

Describe toddler's fracture

Undisplaced spiral fractures of the tibial shaft