5.2 Altering Consciousness With Psychoactive Drugs Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology > 5.2 Altering Consciousness With Psychoactive Drugs > Flashcards

Flashcards in 5.2 Altering Consciousness With Psychoactive Drugs Deck (21):
1

psychoactive drug

- a chemical that changes our states of consciousness, and particularly our perceptions and moods

2

four primary classes of psychoactive drugs

- stimulants, depressants, opioids, and hallucinogens

3

tolerance

- an increase in the dose required to produce the same effect

4

dependence

- a need to use a drug or other substance regularly

5

withdrawl

- negative experiences that accompany reducing or stopping drug use, including physical pain and other symptoms. When the user powerfully craves the drug and is driven to seek it out, over and over again, no matter what the physical, social, financial, and legal cost

6

safety ratio

- it is based on the dose that is likely to be fatal divided by the normal dose needed to feel the effects of the drug

7

stimulant

- a psychoactive drug that operates by blocking the reuptake of dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin in the synapses of the CNS

8

caffeine

- a bitter psychoactive drug found in the beans, leaves, and fruits of plants, where it acts as a natural pesticide

9

nicotine

- a psychoactive drug found in the nightshade family of plants, where it acts as a natural pesticide

10

cocaine

- an addictive drug obtained from the leaves of the coca plant

11

amphetamine

- a stimulant that produces increased wakefulness and focus, along with decreased fatigue and appetite

12

methamphetamine

- methylated version of amphetamine

13

depressant

- a psychoactive drug that reduces the activity of the CNS

14

alcohol

a colorless liquid, produced by the fermentation of sugar or starch, that is the intoxicating agent in fermented drinks

15

Barbiturates

depressants that are commonly prescribed as sleeping pills and painkillers

16

benzodiazepines

a family of depressants used to treat anxiety, insomnia, seizures, and muscle spasms

17

Opioids

chemicals that increase activity in opioid receptor neurons in the brain and in the digestive system, producing euphoria, analgesia, slower breathing, and constipation

18

Opium

the dried juice of the unripe seed capsule of the opium poppy

19

Morphine and heroin

stronger, more addictive drugs derived from opium

20

codeine

a weaker analgesic and less addictive member of the opiate family

21

hallucinogens

psychoactive drugs that alter sensation and perception and that may create hallucinations

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