9.3 Communicating With Others: The Development and Use of Language Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology > 9.3 Communicating With Others: The Development and Use of Language > Flashcards

Flashcards in 9.3 Communicating With Others: The Development and Use of Language Deck (14):
1

phonemes

- the elementary sounds of our language

2

morphemes

- the smallest units of meaning in a language

3

syntax

- the set of grammatical rules that control how words are put together

4

contextual information

- the elements of communication that are not part of the content of language but that help us understand its meaning

5

Broca's area

- an area in front of the left hemisphere near the motor cortex

6

Wernicke's area

- an area of the brain next to the auditory cortex

7

aphasia

- a condition in which language functions are severely impaired

8

babbling

- intentional vocalizations that lack specific meaning

9

overextensions

- use a given word in a broader context than appropriate

10

generativity

- the fact that speakers of a language can compose sentences to represent new ideas that they have never before been exposed to

11

deep structure

- how the idea is represented in the fundamental universal grammar that is common to all languages

12

surface structure

- how it is expressed in any one language

13

bilingualism

- the ability to speak two languages

14

linguistic relativity

- the idea that language and its structures influence and limit human thought

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