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Flashcards in Additional Notes Deck (25):
1

This is the only optically inactive amino acid, since it has no chiral carbons

Glycine

2

This is the term for an hormone secreted by the duodenum when fatty foods are present. It slows down muscular movement (probably close pyloric sphincter)

It slows _______

Enterogastrone

Peristalsis

3

This is the half equivalence pH value of an AA

pKa

4

This is a division of protozoan, a diverse group of parasites which causes malaria in humans

Sporozoans

5

An a typical antibody, the heavy and light chains are linked by _____ bonds

Sulfide bonds

6

Streptococci can be ____, form chains

Staphylococci form

Virulent

Clusters

7

In purple/green bacteria, in the anaerobic sediments of lakes/ponds, the carry out photosynthesis with ____, ____ or _____ as the electron donor

___ is not a byproduct

H2, H2S, or D

Oxygen

8

What is the pH of lysosome?

Cytosol?

5

7

9

Starch and glycogen are polymers of

Polysaccharides can be linear or

They can have _____ or ______ linkages

Peptides can only be

Alpha Glucose

Branched

Alpha or beta

Linear

10

Nerve gases inhibit _______ and cause death via respiratory paralysis

Acetylcholinesterase

11

Cells of the PCT and DCT are very rich in ______ because of active transport

Mitochondria

12

This is a motor protein, used for movement in 9+2 flagella and cilia; may also be used in chromosomal movement

Dynein

13

Parasite and host population densities relate to eachother how?

They mimic each other

14

This is traumatic cell death

Necrosis

15

These are animals with stomachs of alkaline pH (basic)

They usually have 4 chambers which are capable of digesting....

Ruminants

Cellulose

16

This molecule carries bilirubin (which can be made form the heme of an old RBC) to the liver from the spleen (which removes dead RBCs)

Bilirubin is converted by liver to soluble form that becomes part of ____

Note that both LIVER and SPLEEN are involved in bilirubin.

Albumin

Bile

17

This is resting condition in the life of an insect like hibernation in vertebrates

Diapause

18

This is a technique for separating different molecules by differences in there isoelectric point (pI)

A type of zone electrophoresis, usually performed on _____ in a gel, utilizes the fact that the overall charge on the molecule of interest is a function of the ____ of its surroundings

Where does the moleucle remain static?

Isoelectric Focusing

Proteins

pH

Where the net charge on the molecule is 0

19

This is a nematode, has a fully sequenced genome and is a good way to analyze genetic control of development

C. Elegans

20

This is a fly that is easy to raise in rapid generations, making it easy to mutate and easy to observe those mutations.

D. Melagaster

21

C. Elegans and D. Melagaster are ___ organisms

Model

22

B cells develop in the fetal ____ and _____ and produce ______

T cells are involved in the immune system and develop in the _______

Fetal Liver and Spleen, produce antibodies

Thymus

23

This is when lysosomes recycle old or degraded cell material

Autophagy

24

This is the term describing that genes responsible for antibody synthesis are intentionally mutated, giving lots of variety

Somatic Hypermutation

25

What is Beer's Law for unknown concentration?

C1/C2 = A1/A2

Look it up!