Flashcards in Additional Notes Deck (25):
This is the only optically inactive amino acid, since it has no chiral carbons
This is the term for an hormone secreted by the duodenum when fatty foods are present. It slows down muscular movement (probably close pyloric sphincter)
It slows _______
This is the half equivalence pH value of an AA
This is a division of protozoan, a diverse group of parasites which causes malaria in humans
An a typical antibody, the heavy and light chains are linked by _____ bonds
Streptococci can be ____, form chains
In purple/green bacteria, in the anaerobic sediments of lakes/ponds, the carry out photosynthesis with ____, ____ or _____ as the electron donor
___ is not a byproduct
H2, H2S, or D
What is the pH of lysosome?
Starch and glycogen are polymers of
Polysaccharides can be linear or
They can have _____ or ______ linkages
Peptides can only be
Alpha or beta
Nerve gases inhibit _______ and cause death via respiratory paralysis
Cells of the PCT and DCT are very rich in ______ because of active transport
This is a motor protein, used for movement in 9+2 flagella and cilia; may also be used in chromosomal movement
Parasite and host population densities relate to eachother how?
They mimic each other
This is traumatic cell death
These are animals with stomachs of alkaline pH (basic)
They usually have 4 chambers which are capable of digesting....
This molecule carries bilirubin (which can be made form the heme of an old RBC) to the liver from the spleen (which removes dead RBCs)
Bilirubin is converted by liver to soluble form that becomes part of ____
Note that both LIVER and SPLEEN are involved in bilirubin.
This is resting condition in the life of an insect like hibernation in vertebrates
This is a technique for separating different molecules by differences in there isoelectric point (pI)
A type of zone electrophoresis, usually performed on _____ in a gel, utilizes the fact that the overall charge on the molecule of interest is a function of the ____ of its surroundings
Where does the moleucle remain static?
Where the net charge on the molecule is 0
This is a nematode, has a fully sequenced genome and is a good way to analyze genetic control of development
This is a fly that is easy to raise in rapid generations, making it easy to mutate and easy to observe those mutations.
C. Elegans and D. Melagaster are ___ organisms
B cells develop in the fetal ____ and _____ and produce ______
T cells are involved in the immune system and develop in the _______
Fetal Liver and Spleen, produce antibodies
This is when lysosomes recycle old or degraded cell material
This is the term describing that genes responsible for antibody synthesis are intentionally mutated, giving lots of variety