AGENTS, CONTROLLING THE FUNCTIONS OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM - CNS stimulants Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology > AGENTS, CONTROLLING THE FUNCTIONS OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM - CNS stimulants > Flashcards

Flashcards in AGENTS, CONTROLLING THE FUNCTIONS OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM - CNS stimulants Deck (51):
1

Agents, stimulating CNS are

- Fluoxetine
- Nootropil
- Sydnocarb

2

Which CNS stimulants are the agents of selective effect?

Psychostimulants

3

Indicate CNC stimulating drugs, which are the agents of general action

Analeptics

4

Which agents belongs to psychostimulants?

Meridil

5

Indicate the nootropic agent

Piracetam

6

Which agents is a respiratory analeptic?

Bemegride

7

Indicate the CNC stimulating drug, which belongs to adaptogens

Eleuterococci extract

8

Actoprotectors are

Stimulators, improving physical efficiency

9

Adaptogens cause

Increased resistance towards stress situations and adaptation to extreme conditions

10

Indicate the CNS stimulants, which mitigate conditions of weakness or lack of tone within the entire organism or in particular organs?

General tonics

11

Which agents is a general tone-increasing drug of plant origin?

Eleuterococci′s extract

12

Indicate a general tone-increasing drug, which is an agent of animal origin?

Pantocrin

13

Amphetamine

- Is a powerful stimulant of the CNS
- Stimulates the medullar respiratory center and has an analeptic action
- Increases motor and speech activity, mood, decreases a sense of fatigue

14

The mechanism of amphetamine action is related to

- Direct catecholamiergic agonist action
- Inhibition of monoamine oxydase
- Increasing a release of catecholaminergic neurotransmitters

15

Indicate the CNS stimulant, which is a piperidine derivative

Meridil

16

Which CNS psychostimulants is a sydnonymine derivative?

Sydnocarb

17

Sydnocarb causes

Decreased sense of fatigue, it facilitates the professional work and fights somnolence

18

Indicate the psychostimulant, which is a methylxantine derivative

Caffeine

19

Which of the following psychostimulants acts centrally mainly by blocking adenosine receptors?

Caffeine

20

Principal properties of caffeine include

- Cardiac analeptic (increase the rate and the force of the cardiac contraction)
- Psychoanaleptic (decrease the feeling of tiredness, facilitates the professional work and fights somnolence)
- Respiratory analeptic (stimulate the bulbar respiratory center)

21

Principal properties of caffeine do not include

Adaptogenic (rise non-specific resistance towards stresses and adapt to extraordinary challenges)

22

Caffeine can produce

- Coronary vasodialation
- Relaxation of bronchial and biliary tract smooth muscles
- Reinforcement of the contractions and increase of the striaated muscle work

23

Caffeine can not produce

Vasodialation of cerebral vessels

24

Caffeine does not cause

Inhibition of gastric secretion

25

Caffeine cause

- Hyperglycemia
- Moderate diuretic action
- Increase in free fatty acids

26

Therapeutic uses of caffeine include

- Cardiovascular collapse and respiratory insufficiency
- Migraine
- Somnolence

27

Therapeutic uses of caffeine do not include

Gastric ulceration

28

Adverse effects of caffeine include

- Arrhythmias
- Insomnia
- Psychomotor excitation

29

Adverse effects of caffeine do not include

Hypotension

30

Principal properties of cordiamine include

- Cardiac analeptic
- Respiratory analeptic
- Coronarodilatator

31

Principal properties of cordiamine do not include

Significant abuse potential

32

Сharacteristics of cordiamine include

- It stimulates the CNS and facilitates the movement coordination
- It is a respiratory analeptic of mixed action (stimulates both the medullar respiratory center and chemoreceptor of carotid sinus zone)
- It counteracts the central depression produced by other drugs (barbiturates)

33

Сharacteristics of cordiamine do not include

It decreases the aortic and coronary flow

34

Cordiamine is useful in the treatment of

- Hypotension
- Coronary insufficiency
- Respiratory insufficiency

35

Respiratory and cardiac analeptics are the agents

- Cordiamine
- Caffeine
- Camphor

36

Respiratory and cardiac analeptics are not the agents

Bemegride

37

Bemegride

Stimulates the medullar respiratory center (central effect)

38

Which CNS stimulants belongs to nootropics?

Piracetam

39

Characteristics of nootropics include

- Selective influence on the brain
- Improvement the ability to communicate with peers
- Increase in energetic exchange of the brain cells

40

Characteristics of nootropics do not include

Decline in the highest integrative brain functions

41

True or False about Nootropics. They improve the highest integrative brain functions (memory, learning, understanding, thinking and the capacity for concentration)

TRUE

42

True or False about Nootropics. They stimulate the bulbar respiratory center

FALSE

43

True or False about Nootropics. They stimulate existing neuronal synapses to optimum performance (adaptive capacity)

TRUE

44

True or False about Nootropics. They stimulate existing neuronal synapses to damaging influences, such as disturbances of the energy and neurotransmitter metabolism or ischemia (protective capacity)

TRUE

45

Features of piracetam include

- It is a GABA derivative
- It does not influence the neuro-vegetative function
- Improvement begins in the 3′rd week

46

Features of piracetam do not include

It has a high potential of toxicity

47

Piracetam can produce

- Anticonvulsant
- Psychometabolic
- Antihypoxic

48

Piracetam can not produce

Antipsychotic

49

Piracetam is widely used for the treatment of

- Senile dementia
- Asthenia
- Chronic alcoholism

50

Indicate the CNS stimulant, which is used in pediatric medicine, as it improves the communication with the child, increases the ability to study and communication with peers, improves school-performance?

Piracetam

51

Which CNS stimulants is used for the cerebral stroke treatment?

Piracetam

Decks in Pharmacology Class (41):