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Flashcards in Altas A Deck (44)
1

Describe Anatomical position

 

Stance subject is standing erect, eyes forward, feet flat and apart, arms down palms forward

2

The forearm is said to be ______ when the palms face forward and ______ when they face to the rear

 

supine; prone

3

sagitta

 

arrow

4

the sagittal plane extends _____________ and divides the body into ______ and _____ portions

 

vertically; right & left

5

define latin para

 

next to

6

Where does the midsagittal plane pass through

 

midline of the body

= R & L halves

7

the parasagittal plane divides the body - where

 

parallel to the midsagittal plane but to the right and left of the midline

infinite number of parasagittal planes

8

The ______ plane extends vertically but perpendiculare to the sagittal plane

 

frontal

9

Where does the transverse section cross

passes across body perpendiculare to its long axis

10

Example of usage (describe the term and meaning)

the spinal column is _______ to the aorta

 

dorsal,

towards to the back or spine

11

the heart is _______ to the diaphragm

 

superior

àbove`

12

the elbow is ____________ to the wrist

 

proximal

closer to the point of attachment or origin

13

the esophagus is ________ to the trachea

 

posterior

14

the skin is _________ to the muscles

 

superficial

15

the clavicles are _______ to the sternum

 

lateral

away from the midsgittal plane

16

the aorta is ________ to the spinal column

ventral

towards the front or belly

17

What does the axial region on the body consist of

 

head, neck, and trunk

 

18

the trunk is further divided into the ____________ region above the diaphragm and the ________ region below the diaphragm

 

thoracic; abdominal

19

what does the latin term ante mean

 

fore, before

20

what does the appendicular region of the body consist of

 

the upper and lower extremities

21

what do the upper extremity include

 

brachium, antebrachium, arpus, manus, and digits

22

what is the brachium

 

the arm

23

how many body cavities are there

 

3

dorsal, ventral, thoracic

24

what does the dorsal body cavity consist of

 

cranial cavity, vertebral canal

the dorsal body cavity is lined by three membrane layers called meninges

25

during embriotic development as space called the coelom forms in the trunk and gives rise to the _______

 

ventral body cavity

26

What is the lining called that surrounds the cranial and vertebral canal

meninges

27

What is the dividing muscular sheet between the thoracic cavity and the abdominal cavity

 

diaphragm

28

the thoracic cavity and an inferior abdominopelvic cavity  are lined with a thin ______ ___________

 

serous membranes

these membranse secrete a lubricating film of moisture similare to blood serum

29

what does the latin work mediastinum translate to

 

= in the middle

30

the thoracic cavity is divided into right, left, and median portions by a partition called ___________

 

mediastinum

31

The right and left sides contain the lungs are are lined by a two-layered membrane called the _________

 

pleura

32

the outer layer, or _______ lies against the inside of the rib cage, the inner layer or ____________ forms the external surface of the lung

 

parietal pleura; visceral pleura

33

The narrow moist space b/t the visceral and parietal pleurea is called the ______________

 

pleural cavity

34

What is the translation of the latin pleur

 

rib, side

35

What is the latin translation for pariet

wall

36

The median portion of the thoracic cavity, within the mediastinum, is occupied by the the heart.  The heart is enclosed by a two-layered membrane called the _____________

 

pericardium

37

The ____________________ is farthest from the heart, and the _______________ forms the heart surface

 

parietal pericardium; visceral pericardium

38

The ______________ is the space b/t the visceral and parietal pericardia.

 

pericardial cavity

39

The mediastinum also contains the major blood vessls connected to the heart and a gland called the ____________ superior to the heart.

thymus

40

The abdominopelvic cavity consists of an _________________ above the rim of the pelvis and a ______________________ below the rim.

 

abdominal cavity; pelvic cavity

41

The pelvic cavity contains:

 

distal part of the large intestine, the urinary bladder and urethra, and reproductive organs

42

True/False

the is a membrane that physically seperates the abdominal and pelvic cavities

 

false

but the pelic cavity is markedly narrower and its inferior end tilts posteriorly

43

The abdominopelvic cavity contains a moist serous membrane called the ______________

peritoneum

44