Chapter 1 - Organization of the Human Body Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 - Organization of the Human Body Deck (76)
1

Directional Terms:
The heart is ____________ to the liver

superior

2

Directional Terms:
The stomach is ____________ to the lungs

inferior

3

Directional Terms:
The sternum is ____________ to the heart

anterior

4

Directional Terms:
The esophagus is ____________ to the trachea

posterior

5

Directional Terms:
The ulna is ___________ to the radius

medial

6

Directional Terms:
The lungs are ________ to the heart

lateral

7

Directional Terms:
the transverse colon is ___________ b/t ascending and descending colons

intermediate

8

Directional Terms:
the gallbladder and ascending colon are ___________

ipsilateral

9

Directional Terms:
the ascending and descending colons are ___________

contralateral

10

Directional Terms:
The humerus is __________ to the radius

proximal

11

Directional Terms:
The phalanges are ____________ to the carpals

distal

12

Directional Terms:
The ribs are _________ to the lungs

superficial

13

Directional terms:
The ribs are _______ to the skin of the chest and trunk

deep

14

superior

above

15

below

inferior

16

closer to the front of the body

anterior

17

closer to the back of the body

posterior

18

closer to the midline

Medial

19

farther from the midline

lateral

20

b/t two structures

intermediate

21

on the same side as the body

ipsilateral

22

on opposite sides of the body

contralateral

23

nearer to the point of attachment

proximal

24

farther form the point of attachment

distal

25

closer to the surface of the body

superficial

26

farther from the surface of the body

deep

27

Name this anatomical term:
Pertaining to the eye

orbital

28

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the cheek

buccal

29

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the chin

Mental

30

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the back of the head

occipital

31

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the breast

pectoral or mammary

32

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the navel

umbilical

33

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the hip

coxal

34

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the genital area

pubic

35

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the spinal column

vertebral

36

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the area of the back b/t the lowest rib and buttocks

Lumbar

37

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the shoulder blade area

Scapular

38

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the extremities or limbs

appendicular

39

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the highest point of the shoulder

Acromial

40

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the armpit

Auxillary

41

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the elbow

Cubital

42

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the anterior surface of the elbow

Antecubital

43

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the posterior surface of the elbow

Olecranal

44

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the forearm

Antebrachial

45

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the wrist

carpal

46

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the hand

manual

47

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the palm of the hand

plamar

48

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the fingers

digital

49

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the groin where the thigh attaches to the pelvis

Inginual

50

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to then buttocks

Gluteal

51

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the thigh

femoral

52

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the anterior surface of the knee

Patellar

53

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the posterior surface of the knee

Popliteal

54

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the anterior surface of the leg

Crural

55

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the posterior surface of the leg

sural

56

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the lateral side of the leg

Fibular

57

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the ankle

Tarsal

58

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the foot

Pedal

59

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the heel

Calcanceal

60

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the sole of the foot

Plantar

61

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the toes

digital

62

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the neck

Cervial

63

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the back

Dorsal

64

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the chest

Thoracic

65

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the head

cephalic

66

Name this anatomical term:
pertaining to the central part of the body, head and trucnk

Axial

67

vertical plane divides the body into right and left sides

sagittal plane

68

when a plane passes through the mid-line of the body into equal right and left sides

mid-sagittal plane

69

if the plane divides the body into unequal right and left sides

para-sagittal plane

70

________ plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions

frontal

71

A _________ plane divides the body into superior and inferior portions

transverse plane

72

_______ is the science of structure and the relationship among structures

Anatomy

73

__________ is the science of how body structures function

Physiology

74

list the 6 levels of organization

Chemical, cellular, tissue, organs, system & organisim

75

List the 11 systems of the body

Integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, & reproductive

76

What does the feedback system consist of

receptors, control center, effector