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Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (108):
1

the greater tubercles and trochanters are (medial/lateral)

lateral

2

structures that cross diaphragm and levels at which they cross

IVC T8, esophagus 10, aorta 12

3

teres major arm attachment

lesser tuberosity, medial rotation

4

teres minor arm attachment

greater tuberosity, lateral rotation

5

boundaries of the quadrilateral space

long head of triceps medially, teres minor superiorly, teres major inferiorly, humerus laterally

6

what runs through quadrilateral space

axillary nerve and posterior circumflex artery

7

branches of axillary artery

subscapular, humeral circumflex, brachial

8

brachialis attachments

humerus to ulna

9

brachioradialis atachment

lateral epicondyle to radius

10

boundaries of triangular space

teres major superiorly, long head of triceps medially, humerus laterally

11

what runs through triangular space

radial nerve and deep brachial artery

12

the only thenar muscle innervated by ulnar nerve

adductor pollicis

13

attachments opponens pollicis

metacarpal

14

attachments abductor pollicis brevis, and side of hand

proximal phalanx, palmar

15

attachment flexor pollicis brevis

proximal phalanx, palmar

16

abductor pollicis longus atachments

radius to metacarpal

17

describe the boutonniere deformity

tear in central slip of extensors. DIP in hyperextension, PIP in flexion

18

function of external oblique

contralateral rotation of torso

19

which part of small intestine has denser arcades

ileum

20

femur attachment of psoas major

lesser trochanter

21

what forms lumbosacral trunk

L4, L5

22

what part of the vertebrae is the pedicle

between body and transverse process

23

what part of the vertebrae is the lamina

between transverse and spinal processes

24

which group of back muscles does micromovements

transversospinalis

25

median umbilical ligament is remnant of

urachus

26

round ligament of the liver is a remnant of

umbilical vein

27

ovarian tumor can cause referred pain to

thigh

28

piriformis attachments and foramen

sacrum, through greater sciatic foramen, to greater trochanter

29

obturator internus attachments and foramen

obutrator foramen, exits lesser sciatic foramen, to medial aspect of greater trochanter

30

roots composing sciatic nerves

lumbosacral trunk (L4, L5), S1-S3

31

origin of inferior and superior gluteal nerves

sciatic nerve

32

roots of pudendal nerve

S2-S4, made separate from sciatic

33

pudendal nerve route

exits greater foramen, re-enters through lesser

34

branches of internal iliac artery

iliolumbar, superior and infeiror gluteal (both exit greater foramen), internal pudental (leaves and returns), visceral branches (superior vesical artery and obliterated umbilical artery), obturator artery

35

components of pes anserinus

gracilis, sartorius, semitendinosus

36

pectineus innervation

femoral nerve, even though it is in medial compartment

37

gracilis attachments

ischium to medial tibia

38

sartorius attachments

AIIS to medial tibia

39

superior gluteal nerve innervates...

TFL, gluteus minimus, medius

40

superior gemellus innervation

nerve to OI

41

inferior gemellus innervation

nerve to quadratus femoris

42

innervation to anterior compartment of leg

deep fibular branch

43

innervation to lateral compartment of leg

superficial fibular branch

44

name muscles of anterior compartment of leg

TA (lateral tibia), EDL, EHL, peroneus tertius

45

origin anterior tibial artery

popliteal artery

46

name muscles of deep posterior leg

FDL (medial), TP (crosses FDL to navicular), FHL (lateral)

47

name muscles of lateral compartment of leg

peroneus longus, peroneus brevis

48

tibia and fibula articulate with ___ at ankle joint

talus

49

which foot flexor is like FDS

FDB

50

where does CN I leave

cribriform plate

51

where does CN II leave

optic canal

52

where does CN III leave

superior orbital fissure

53

where does CN IV leave

superior orbital fissure

54

where does CN V1 leave

superior orbital fissure

55

where does CN V2 leave

rotundum

56

where does CN V3 leave

ovale

57

where does CN VI leave

superior orbital fissure

58

where does where does CN VII leave

internal acoustic meatus and stylomastoid foramen

59

where does CN VIII leave

internal acoustic meatus, and then external

60

where does CN IX leave

jugular foramen

61

where does CN X leave

jugular formamen

62

where does CN XI leave

jugular formane

63

where does CN XII leave

hypoglossal canal

64

what exits the superior orbital fissure

III, IV, V1, VI

65

what leaves rotundum

V2

66

what leaves ovale

V3

67

what leaves spinosum

MMA

68

what leaves foramen lacerum

ICA (foramen lacerum is aka carotid canal)

69

what leaves internal acoustic meatus

VII and VIII

70

what leaves external acoustic meatus

VIII

71

what leaves stylomastoid foramen

VII

72

what leaves jugular foramen

IX, X, XI, internal jugular

73

what leaves hypoglossal canal

XII

74

what leaves foramen magnum

vertebral arteries

75

innervation for most strap muscles

ansa cervicalis (C2-C3). except thyrohyoid (C1)

76

innervation thyrohyoid

C1

77

innervation geniohyoid

C1

78

branches of external carotid

superior thyroid, ascending pharyngeal, lingual, facial, occipital, posterior auricular, maxillary, superior temporal
("some anatomists like freaking out poor medical students")

79

venous drainage of pole of thyroid

superior thyroid vein --> IJV

80

venous drainage of mid-lateral lobe of thyroid

middle vein --> IJV

81

venous drainage of inferior portion of thyroid

inferior vein --> brachiocephalic

82

vestibular fold (false cord) is medial edge of...

quadrangular/aryepiglottic membrane

83

vocal fold (true cord) is edge of

cricovocal membrane/conus elasticus

84

motor innervation of larynx

recurrent laryngeal (X) for all muscles except cricothyroid (external branch of superior laryngeal (X))

85

innervation for cricothyroid

external branch of superior laryngeal nerve (X)

86

sensory innervation for larynx above vocal folds

internal branch of superior laryngeal nerve

87

sensory innervation for larynx below vocal folds

recurrent laryngeal

88

facial nerve branches

temporal, zygomatic, buccal, mandibular, cervical, posterior auricular
("To Zanzibar By Motor Car, Please")

89

parasymapthetic innervation of parotid duct

IX

90

branches of mandibular nerve (V3, from foramen ovale)

auriculotemporal, inferior alveolar, lingual (joined by chorda tympani [VII]), masseteric (gives off buccal and muscular)

91

innervation of stylohyoid

VII

92

innervation of mylohyoid

V3

93

innervation of digastric

VII for posterior belly, V3 for anterior belly. digastric opens jaw

94

the only extrinsic tongue muscle not innervated by XII

geniohyoid (C1)

95

parasympathetic innervation of submandibular and sublingual glands

VII

96

innervation of parts of pharynx

oropharynx IX. laryngo/hypopharynx X.

97

innervation of pharyngeal muscles

X, except stylopharyngeus (IX)

98

innervation of stylopharyngeus

IX, for swallowing

99

muscle name for UES

cricopharyngeus

100

bony structure that anchors falx cerebri anteriorly

crista galli

101

structures that run in lateral walls of cavernous sinuses

III, IV, V1

102

structures that run through the cavernus sinus blood

VI, ICA

103

innervation of stapedius

VII

104

innervation of tensor tympani

V3

105

innervation levator palabrae superioris

III

106

innervation Muller's muscle (superior tarsal muscle)

sympathetic

107

name eye muscles not innervated by III

superior oblique (IV) (lateral rectus (VI)

108

name the muscles of the eye innervated by III

superior, inferior, and medial rectus. inferior oblique