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Flashcards in Behavioral Science Deck (53):
1

what is OR

(a/c) / (b/d)
odds that those with disease were exposed, divided by odds that those without disease were exposed

2

what is RR

EER/CER
[ a/(a+b) ] / [ c/(c+d) ]
the chance of getting disease if exposed divided by the chance of getting disease if not exposed

3

attributable risk

EER-CER
[a / (a+b) ] - [c / (c+d) ]

4

relative risk reduction

(EER-CER)/CER

5

NNT

1/ARR

6

absolute risk reduction

EER-CER
[c / (c+d) ] - [a / (a+b) ]

7

NNH

1/AR

8

The bias where population from hospital is less healthy than general population

Berkson bias

9

Type 1 error (alpha)

false positive

10

Type 2 error (beta)

false negative

11

calculate power

1 - beta

12

p value compared agasnst a preset...

alpha level of significance

13

Z for 95% CI

1.96

14

Z for 99% CI

2.58

15

Surrogate priority

spouse > adult children > parents > adult siblings

16

age range where primitive reflexes disappear

0-12 mo

17

age range where posture is developed

0-12 mo

18

age range where pointing is developed

0-12 mo

19

age range where pincer grasp is developed

0-12 mo (by 10 mo)

20

age range for social smiling

0-12 mo (earlier than stranger anxiety or separation anxiety)

21

age range for stranger anxiety

0-12 mo (after social smiling)

22

age range for separation anxiety

0-12 mo (last social stage in this range)

23

age range for orientation to name

0-12 mo (by 9 mo)

24

age range for object permanence

0-12 mo

25

age range for oratory development ("mama" "dada")

0-12 mo (by 10 mo)

26

age range for first steps

12-36 mo (borderline, because its by 12-18 months)

27

age range for climbing stairs

12-36 mo (by 18 mo)

28

age range for cube stacking

12-36 mo. cubes stacked = age (years) x 3

29

age range for using spoon and fork ("cultured")

12-36 mo

30

age range for kicking ball

12-36 mo (by 2 years)

31

age range for recreation

12-36 mo

32

age range for reapproachment of mother

12-36 mo

33

age range for realization of core gender identity

12-36 mo

34

age range for 200 words

12-36 mo (200 words by age 2)

35

age range for tricycle, drawing, and dexterity

3-5 years

36

age range for freedom

3-5 years

37

age range for friends

3-5 years

38

age range for language

1000 words by age 3

39

changes in sleep in the elderly

decreased REM and slow-wave sleep. increased sleep onset latency and increased early awakenings

40

what is the name for high frequency hearing loss? what is the cause?

presbycusis. destruction of hair cells at cochelar base

41

name the 4 parts of medicare

A - hospital, B - basic, D - drugs, C - A+B by private companies

42

Top 3 causes of death less than 1 year

congenital, preterm, SIDS

43

top 3 causes of death 1-14 years

injury, cancer, congenital

44

top 3 causes of death 15-34 years

injury, suicide, homicide

45

top 3 causes of death 35-44

injury, cancer, heart disease

46

top 3 causes of death 45-64

cancer, heart disease, injury

47

top 3 causes of death 65+

heart disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease

48

top 3 medicare readmissions

CHF, septicemia, pneumonia

49

top 3 medicaid readmissions

mood disorders, psychotic disorders, diabetes

50

top 3 uninsured readmissions

mood disorders, alcohol, diabetes

51

top 3 private insurance readmissions

cancer therapy, mood disorders, treatment complications

52

difference in root cause vs. failure mode and effects analysis

RCA is retro. FMEA is prospective

53

attributable risk percent

(1-RR)/RR