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Flashcards in Anatomy misc Deck (34):
1

Which germ layer is muscle derived from? 

Mesoderm

2

Which germ layer(s) is/are epithelia derived from? 

All 3 (endoderm, mesoderm and ectoderm)

3

Which germ layer(s) is/are connective tissue derived from? 

Mesoderm

4

Which germ layer(s) is/are neurones derived from? 

Ectoderm

5

Q image thumb

A Levator scapulae

B Trapezius

C Rhomboid

D Latisimus dorsi

6

Where will lymph from the back drain to?

Axillary lymph nodes

7

Thoracic vertebrae: in what plane are their articular facets and what movement does this permit?

Coronal

Rotation in coronal plane

8

Lumbar vertebrae: in what plane are their articular facets and what movement does this permit?

Sagittal

Flexion/extension

9

Erector spinae muscles:

How would you identify them by palpation?

What movements do they support?

Between spinous process and ribs

Extension/flexion of the back

10

To which lymph nodes do the breasts drain?

Can these be palpated?

Can drain to axillary nodes (palpatable) or medially to internal thoracic nodes (not palpatable)

11

Where is the sternal angle?

Horizontal line between manubriosternal joint and T4/T5

12

What are these areas?

Q image thumb

A image thumb
13

Which nerve passes in front of the lung root?

Phrenic nerve

14

Which nerve passes behind the lung root?

Vagus nerve

15

At what vertebral level does the esophagus pass through the diaphragm?

T10

16

Branches of the descending aorta supply which 4 structures?

Intercostal aas

Pericardium

Esophagus

Bronchial aas

17

At what vertebral level does the aorta pass behind the diaphragm?

T12

18

What is the most lateral structure in the mediastinum?

Phrenic nerves

19

At what vertebral level does the inferior vena cava pass through the diaphragm?

T8

20

At what vertebral level does the esophagus pass through the diaphragm?

T10

21

Where would painful irritation of the mediastinal pleura be experienced?

Pain in the lateral neck and supraclavicular region of the shoulder (C3-C5 dermatomes)

22

Which germ layer does epidermis come from?

Ectoderm

23

Which germ layer does the blood come from?

Mesoderm

24

What is the funciton of a bursa?

Reduces friction

25

Which germ layer does the heart come from?

Mesoderm

26

What do we call the fibro-cartilage ring around a ball and socket joint?

Labrum

27

Define subluxation

incomplete or partial dislocation of a joint or organ

28

Which germ layer does nervous system come from?

Ectoderm

29

What do we call the sac full of synovial fuid associated with most joints?

Bursa

30

Which germ layer does epithelium come from?

All 3

31

What is the function of a meniscus in a joint?

Shock absorption

32

What do we call a bone located in a tendon?

Sesamoid

33

Give two examples of sesamoid bones?

Patella and pisiform

34

Where are ligaments found in a hinge joint?

Colaterally