Upper limb anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Upper limb anatomy Deck (227):
1

What movement of the shoulder is infrascapularis responsible for?

External rotation

1

Which ventral rami give rise to the form middle trunk of the brachial plexus?

C7

1

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Lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm

1

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Median nerve

1

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Medial cutaneous nerve of arm

1

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Basilic vein

1

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Radial nerve

1

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Medial supracondylar ridge

1

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Ulnar nerve

1

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Ulnar nerve

1

Which nerve would innervate this area?

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Ulnar nerve

3

Name 3 muscles that attach to the coracoid process

Biceps. Coracobrachialis. Pectoralis minor.

3

If there is an enlarged axillary lymph node, which regions of the body must you clear?

Arm, breast, back

3

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Medial epicondyle

3

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Interosseus membrane

4

Which division(s) of which trunk(s) unite to form the medial cord of the brachial plexus?

Anterior division of inferior trunk

4

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Median cubital vein

4

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Coracoid process

4

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Radial nerve

4

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Median nerve

4

What nerve is this?

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Ulnar nerve

4

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Median nerve

5

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a. lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm from musculocutaneous nerve

b. radial nerve

c. median nerve

d. ulnar

6

Which nerve would innervate this area?

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Ulnar nerve

7

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Palmar aponeurosis

8

Where is the brachial artery with reference to the humerus?

Brachial artery starts medial to the humerus, but is anterior to it by the time it reaches the elbow

9

What are the 3 heads of the triceps?

Long, lateral and medial

9

Which muscle is responsible for flexion of the most distal inter-phalangeal joint?

Flexor digitorum profundus

9

Which nerve would innervate this area?

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Radial nerve

10

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Lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm

12

Which 2 movements does biceps contribute to?

Flexion at the elbow. Supination of forearm when elbow is flexed.

13

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Median nerve

14

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Brachioradialis

16

What are the 3 trunks of the brachial plexus?

Superior, middle, inferior

17

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Musculocutaneous nerve

19

Which nerve would innervate this area?

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Median nerve

20

In which fingers does median nerve have cutaneous sensory fibres?

1-3 and lateral half of 4

21

When does subclavian artery change its name to the axillary artery?

At outer aspect/border of first rib

21

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Trochlea

22

Where does the brachial artery pass the elbow?

On anterior surface, exactly half way between lateral and medial epicondyle

23

Where does the ulnar nerve pass through the elbow?

Behind the medial epicondyle

24

Which muscles adduct the fingers?

Palmar interossei

24

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Median nerve

25

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Brachialis

27

Which muscle is deep to biceps?

Brachialis

27

For drainage of the hand, which vein comes for the radial side?

Cephalic vein

28

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Ulnar nerve

28

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Coracobrachialis

29

Which roots contribute to the musculocutaeous nerve?

C5-C7

30

Which movements does teres major contribute to?

Medial/internal rotation and adduction of arm

31

Which ventral rami give rise to the form superior trunk of the brachial plexus?

C5-6

31

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Trochlea

31

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Teres major

32

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Median nerve

32

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Anterior interosseus nerve

34

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Coracobrachialis

35

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Lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm (from musculocutaneous nerve)

36

What are the 5 wrist flexors from radial to ulna side?

Pronator teres. Flexor carpi radialis. Palmaris longus. Flexor digitorum superficialis. Flexor carpi ulnaris.

36

The tendons of which muscles form the anatomical snuffbox?

Extensor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis

37

Which artery is threatened by a fracture of the mid-shift of humerus?

Profunda brachii

38

What movement of the shoulder is teres minor responsible for?

External rotation

38

Brachial plexus: roots, ___, ___, ___, ____

Roots, trunks, divisions, cords, branches

39

Which nerve is endangered by a laceration at the wrist on the palmar side?

Ulnar nerve

39

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Radial nerve

39

Which nerve would innervate this area?

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Median nerve

40

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Flexor digitorum superficialis

42

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Teres major

42

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Anterior interosseus artery

44

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Musculocutaneous nerve

45

Where does the deltoid muscle insert?

Deltoid tubercle on humerus

45

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Median nerve

47

Where do all of the upper limb lymphatics end up?

Axillary lymph nodes

47

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Ulnar nerve

48

Where is the common extensor origin for forearm muscles?

Lateral epidcondyle of humerus

49

Which muscles abduct the fingers?

Dorsal interossei

50

Where does the triceps insert?

Olecranon

52

Which roots give fibres that contribute to the axillary nerve?

C5-C6

54

Which cord does the median nerve receive?

Medial and lateral cords

56

Which nerve would innervate this area?

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Ulnar nerve

58

What are the successive arteries in the right arm from the brachiocephalic artery?

Subclavian > Axillary > Brachial > radial/ulna

59

What are the 4 key features of all synovial joints?

1 Hyaline cartilage

2 Fibrous capsule

3 Lined by synovial membrane

4 Reinforced by ligaments

60

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Radial nerve

62

What are the 2 branches from the posterior cord of the brachial plexus?

Radial and axillary nerves

63

The nerve supplies the lateral forearm?

Lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm

64

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Medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve

65

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Lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm

66

Which nerve is this?

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Ulnar nerve

67

Which nerve comes of the middle limb of the 'M' of the brachial plexus?

Median nerve

68

Which nerve would innervate this area?

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Ulnar nerve

69

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radial groove

69

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Brachial artery

70

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Lateral epicondyle

71

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Musculocutaneous nerve

73

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Ulnar nerve

75

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Long head of biceps

76

Which nerve is endangered by a fracture of medial epicondyle?

Ulnar nerve

77

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Ulnar nerve

78

What are the 4 attachments for the flexor retinaculum?

Scaphoid. Trapezium. Hook Of hamate. Pisiform. (STOP)

80

Which nerve would innervate this area?

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Radial nerve

81

Which roots give fibres that contribute to the median nerve?

C5-T1

83

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Deltoid tuberosity

84

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Basilic vein

85

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Greater tubercle

86

Which nerve is endangered by an inferior shoulder dislocation?

Axillary nerve

87

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Short head of biceps

89

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Cephalic vein

90

Which roots does the median nerve come from?

Medial and lateral

91

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Latissimus dorsi

92

Which nerve would innervate this area?

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Median nerve

94

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Basilic vein

95

Which cord does the axillary nerve come from?

Posterior

97

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Radial nerve

98

What are the 3 cords of the brachial plexus?

Medial, lateral and posterior

100

Which nerve would innervate this area?

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Median nerve

101

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Teres minor

103

Flexor digitorum superficialis inserts where?

Middle phalynx

103

Which muscles does the musculocutaneous nerve supply?

Biceps, brachialis and coracobrachialis

104

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Deltoid tuberosity

106

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Median cubital vein

107

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Infraspinatus

108

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Axillary nerve

109

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Axillary nerve

111

Which ventral rami give rise to the brachial plexus?

C5-T1

112

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Flexor digitorum profundus

113

Which nerve runs here?

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Ulnar nerve

114

What stops flexor tendons to the wrist from bow-stringing?

Flexor retinaculum

116

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Lesser tubercle

117

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Musculocutaneous nerve

118

Which muscle does the ulnar artery run under?

Flexor carpi ulnaris

120

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Supraspinatus

121

What nerve is this?

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Median nerve

123

Which nerve would innervate this area?

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Ulnar nerve

125

Which nerve is often called the nerve of fine movements?

Ulnar nerve

126

For drainage of the hand, which vein comes for the ulnar side?

Basilic vein

127

What do the fibres of the posterior division of the brachial plexus go on to supply?

Extensor muscles and the skin overlying them

128

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Cephalic vein

129

Which nerve would innervate this area?

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Median nerve

130

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Subscapularis

131

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a axillary nerve

b. radial nerve

c. lateral cutaneous nerve from musculocutaneous nerve

d. median nerve

e. ulnar nerve

132

Which 3 muscles are in the anteior compartment of the arm?

Biceps. Brachialis. Coracobrachialis.

134

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Flexor pollicis longus

135

What part of the brachial plexus is behind the clavicle?

Divisions

136

Which nerve would innervate this area?

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Median nerve

137

Which ventral rami give rise to the form inferior trunk of the brachial plexus?

C8-T1

138

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Radial nerve

139

Which nerve supplies deltoid?

Axillary nerve

141

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Acromion

142

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Median nerve

143

Which roots five fibres to the ulnar nerve?

(C7)C8-T1

144

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Musculocutaneous nerve

146

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Ulnar nerve

147

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Lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm

148

Flexor digitorum superficialis splits into how many tendons?

4

149

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Trapezius

150

Which nerve passes through the carpal tunnel?

Median nerve

151

When does the axillary artery change its name to the brachial artery.

At the lower border of teres major

151

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Median nerve

152

What are the divisions of the brachial plexus?

Anterior and posterior divisions from each of the 3 trunks

152

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Axillary nerve

153

Which nerve passes between the two heads of flexor carpi ulnaris?

Ulnar nerve

154

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Ulnar nerve

155

Which nerve passes between the heads of coracobrachialis?

Musculocutaneous nerve

156

Name two muscles between the scapula and the posterior aspect of the ribs.

Subscapularis. Serratus anterior.

157

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a. radial nerve

b. median nerve

c. ulnar nerve

159

Which division(s) of which trunk(s) unite to form the lateral cord of the brachial plexus?

Anterior divisions of superior and middle trunk

160

From which cord does the ulnar nerve come?

Medial cord

161

What movement of the shoulder is subscapularis responsible for?

Medial/internal rotation

163

What are the 3 cords of the brachial plexus arranged/named around?

The axillary artery

164

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Supinator

165

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Ulnar nerve

167

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Axillary nerve

168

Which muscle does the radial artery run under?

Brachioradialis

170

Which division(s) of which trunk(s) unite to form the posterior cord of the brachial plexus?

All 3 posterior divisions from the 3 trunks

171

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Radial nerve

172

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Radial nerve

173

Which muscle initiates abduction of the arm?

Supraspinatus initiates first bit of abduction ie first 15 degrees

174

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Median nerve

175

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Radial nerve

176

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Ulna nerve

177

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Musculocutaneous nerve

179

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Axillary nerve

180

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Flexor carpi ulnaris

181

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Lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm

182

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Brachialis

183

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capitulum

185

Which ribs does serratus anterior attach to?

1-8

186

What do the fibres of the anterior division of the brachial plexus go on to supply?

Flexor muscles and the skin overlying them

187

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Cephalic vein

188

What movement of the shoulder is suprascapularis responsible for?

Abduction

189

Where do the 5 superficial wrist flexors have the origin?

Common flexor origin on anterior aspect of medial epicondyle.

190

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Olecranon

191

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Ulnar nerve

192

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Flexor carpi radialis

193

What are the 4 muscles of the rotator cuff?

Subscapularis. Supraspinatus. Infraspinatus. Teres minor.

195

Flexor digitorum superficialis supplies which fingers?

2 to 5

196

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Lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm (from musculocutaneous)

197

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Acromion

198

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Radial nerve

199

Which nerve represents cutaneous perception in the pinky finger?

Ulnar nerve

200

What movement is it when you use your right hand to turn a tap anticlockwise?

Pronation

201

What are 3 common sites of fracture in the humerus?

Surgical neck, mid-shaft and supracondylar

202

What joins the radius and ulna mid-shaft?

Interosseus membrane

203

What is the ball and socket joint in the shoulder more technically known as?

Glenohumeral joint

204

What is endangered by a dislocation of the shoulder?

Axillary nerve

205

Which nerve is associated with the 'funny bone'?

Ulna nerve

206

What will be endangered with a fracture of the mid-shaft of the humerus?

Radial nerve

207

What will be endangered with a fracture of the surgical neck of the humerus?

Axillary nerve

208

What will be endangered with a fracture of the supracondylar region of the humerus?

Median nerve and brachial artery

209

What is endangered with a sterno-clavicular dislocation?

Sub-clavian vein and artery

210

What is the 'cap' of the elbow?

Which bone does it belong to?

Olecranon.  Part of ulna

211

What does the spine of the scapula become as it ends laterally?

Acromium

212

Which bone is the glenoid cavity part of?

Scapula

213

What movement is it when you use your right hand to turn a tap clockwise?

Supination

214

In what position is the elbow most secure?

In extension

215

Which bone is the coracoid process a part of?

Scapula

216

What's the bony medial bit of the elbow?

Medial epicondyle

217

Some lovers try positions that they can't handle

Scaphoid lunate triquetrum pisiform trapezium trapezoid capitate hamate

218

Which forearm bone articulates with the wrist for wrist movements?

Radius

219

What is the largest wrist bone?

Capitate

220

Which wrist bone has a hook?

Hamate

221

Some lovers try positions that they can't handle....

where does this acronym begin?

Radial side of the proximal row

222

Which nerve is compressed in carpal tunnel syndrome?

Median nerve

223

When do carpal bones begin ossification?

 After birth

224

FOOSH will transmit force to which bone of the wrist?

Capitate

225

Which bone of the carpals is most commonly fractured?

Scaphoid

226

What is a Colles fracture?

Fracture of distal radium

227

What type of joints are carpometacarpal joints?

Synovial joints