Lower Limb Anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lower Limb Anatomy Deck (290)
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1

What is the heaviest bone in the body?

Femur

1

Kicking someone on the medial side of the knee produces what sort of force?

Varus

1

What do we call the space between the malleoli of the distal tibia and fibula?

Mortice

1

What are the 3 muscles of the hamstrings?

Semitendinosis, semimembranosis, biceps femoris

1

Tibial tuberosity

1

Extensor hallucis longus

1

Medial condyle of femur

1

Iliofemural ligament

1

What is the senosry distribution of the femoral nerve and its branches?

Anteromedial thigh and medial knee, leg and ankle

1

Where does the femoral nerve divide into its terminal branches?

1 inch below the inguinal ligament

1

Femoral nerve

1

Femoral nerve

1

Tibial nerve

1

Popliteus

1

Ischial spine

1

In compartment syndrome, how long until muscle will be damaged?

6-8 hours

1

What is the course of the great saphenous vein?

Passes anterior to medial malleolus

Up medial medial leg

Posterior to medial epicondyle at knee

Up medial thigh

Joins femoral vein just below inguinal ligament 

2

PCL

3

Attachment of ACL

4

Wuthin which structure does the lumbar plexus form?

Psoas major muscle

4

Tibial nerve

5

What are the 4 layers of the plantar aponeurosis?

Short intrinsic muscles

Long tendons

Short muscles

Interossei muscles

6

Which muscles does the achilles tendon come from?

Gastrocnemius, soleus and plantaris

6

Gastrocnemius

6

Obturator nerve

6

Patellar ligament

7

Which part of the pelvis bears weight when sitting down?

Ischial tuberosity

7

Which muscles prevent pelvic drop during the swing phase of gait?

Gluteus medius and minimus

8

Where does the centre of gravity pass with reference to the hip?

Behind

8

What attaches to the soleal line of the tibia?

Soleus muscle