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NPLEX I > Anatomy-Myology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy-Myology Deck (85)
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61

Which abdominal muscle flexes the spine?

Rectus abdominus

62

The lowest tendinous fibers of the transversus abdomens and internal oblique that attaches to the pubic crest and pectineal line is known a what?

Conjoint tendon

63

What weakens to form a direct hernia?

conjoint tendon

64

What happens in an indirect hernia?

protrusion of the intestine through the inguinal canal

65

What attaches to the pubic bone?

adductor group, pectinous (at pectineal line), gracilis

66

What attaches to the ischial tuberosity?

Hamstrings

67

What attaches to the ASIS?

sartorius, rectus femoris, TFL

68

What forms the borders of the femoral triangle?

sartorius, adductor longus, inguinal ligament

69

What forms the pes anserine?

gracilis, sartorius, semitendinosus

70

What attaches to the greater trochanter?

piriformis, obturator internus, gamellus superior, gamellis inferior, gluteus maximus, medius, minimus

71

What muscles flex the knee?

Hamstrings, Gastrocnemius

72

What muscles extend the knee?

Quadriceps

73

What muscles laterally rotate the knee?

Biceps femoris

74

What muscles medially rotate the knee?

semimembranosus, semitendinosis

75

What attaches to the lesser trochanter?

illiopsoas

76

What attaches to the tibial tuberosity?

Rectus femoris

77

What are the nine muscles that attach to the fibula?

Extensor hallucis longus
Extensor digitorum longus
Peroneus tertius
Peroneus longus
Peroneus brevis
Soleus
Flexor hallucis longus
Tibialis posterior
Biceps femoris

78

What 3 muscles dorsiflex the foot? What is the innervations?

Tibialis anterior, Extensor digitorum longus, Extensor hallucis longus, (Peronius tertius too) innervated by the deep peroneal nerve

79

What 2 muscles invert the foot?

Tibialis anterior (deep peroneall nerve)
Tibialis posterior (tibial nerve)

80

What 3 muscles evert the foot?

Peroneus tertius (deep peroneal nerve)
Peroneus longus (superficial peroneal nerve)
Peroneus brevis (superficial peroneal nerve)

81

What 5 muscles planter flex the foot? (innervation?)

Gastrocnemius
Soleus
Tibialis posterior
Flexor digitorum longus
Flexor hallucis longus
innervated by tibial nerve

82

What muscles dorsiflex the toes? (innervation?)

Extensor digitorum brevis
Extensor hallucis brevis
Extensor hallucis longus
innervated by the deep peroneal nerve

83

What passes posterior to the lateral malleolus?

peroneus longus tendon, peroneus brevis tendon

84

What passes posterior to the medial malleolus?

tibial artery, vein and nerve
tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus tendon, flexor hallucis longus tendon

85

What are the two branches of the tibial nerve?

Medial plantar and Lateral planter nerves