Anemias and Cardiovascular Diseases Flashcards Preview

RUSVM LAM II Practice Questions > Anemias and Cardiovascular Diseases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anemias and Cardiovascular Diseases Deck (37)
Loading flashcards...
1

What are the 2 most common causes of anemia?

Parasitism

Nutritional deficiency

2

_________ deficiency is the #1 deficiency seen in dairy cattle

worldwide

Phosphorus

3

What are the 2 etiologies of

post-partum hemoglobinuria?

Hypophosphatemia

Guaifenesin

4

What is the 2nd most common deficiency seen

in cattle worldwide?

Copper deficiency

5

Copper deficiency can be secondary to

________ excess

molybdenum

6

_______ deficiency is associated with high GIT parasite loads

like Ostertagia

Cobalt (B12)

7

What are the 4 potential causes of

Anemias of Inflammatory Disease?

Chronic infection

Chronic inflammation

Fractures or severe trauma

Neoplasia (BLV)

8

T/F:

Congenital porphyria can cause anemia.

TRUE

9

This type of anemia can be caused by

bracken fern poisoning or soybeal meal toxicity

leading to bone marrow damage or dysplasia

APLASTIC anemia

10

How does water intoxication in young calves when first weaned

lead to anemia?

Massive water intake produces marked hypotonicity

and leads to intravascular hemolysis

11

This congenital cardiovascular disease is characterized by

poor growth, lethargy, exercise intolerance,

and a loud, holosystolic murmur

Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)

12

This congenital cardiovascular disease is characterized

by a calf born with its heart outside of its chest and located in

its throat

Ectopia Cordis Cervicalis

13

This congenital cardiovascular disease is

hereditary and recessive in Holstein cattle.

Calves are born normal but acquire many infections in the first weeks 

of life. This can look similar to failure of passive transfer and is due to

leukocytes that cannot properly phagocytize bacteria.

Bovine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency (BLAD)

14

This cardiovascular disease occurs after

systemic infections where bacteria lodges in the heart valves.

It is characterized by a holosystolic or holodiastolic murmur.

Will also see tachycardia, jugular distension, SQ edema, ascites,

and fever. 

Valvular Vegetative Endocarditis

15

What do you expect to see on a hemogram of an animal with

Valvular Vegetative Endocarditis?

neutrophils with a left shift (neutrophilia)

16

How is Valvular Vegetative Endocarditis treated?

ABx (3 - 5 days)

17

On necropsy, you find cauliflower lesions on the heart valve

of a cow. What is your primary ddx?

Valvular Vegetative Endocarditis

18

Brisket Disease is also known as

Pulmonary hypertension

or

High altitude disease

19

What is the etiology of Brisket Disease (High Altitude Disease)?

Cows taken from low to high altitude to graze

undergo hypoxic vasoconstriction. This results in

heart failure which causes edema in the brisket area (between forelimbs)

20

What clinical signs do you expect to see in

Brisket Disease/High Altitude Disease?

Signs of right CHF

SQ edema of brisket

Bottle jaw

Jugular distension, tachycardia, pulmonary hypertension, murmurs

21

What is the most common heart tumor in cattle?

Lymphosarcoma

22

What ingestable toxins are associated with cardiomyopathy?

Ionophores

Plants- Cassia, Phalaris

 

23

Deficiency of these 4 substances are associated with cardiomyopathy

Vit E

Selenium

Copper

Sulfate

24

What is the most common etiology of pericarditis?

TRAUMA from penetrating foreign body of reticulum

 

(reticulum sits behind heart, penetrates reticulum, diaphragm, and pericardium)

25

What are the 4 most common signs of CHF?

Peripheral edema

Jugular vein distension

Tachypnea

Dyspnea

26

This, if heard on auscultation, is

pathognomonic for pericarditis

SPLASHING HEART SOUNDS

(fluid and gas in the pericardial sac)

 

Can also hear muffled heard sounds

27

How is pericarditis treated?

ABx

 

Surgery is just a salvage procedure for slaughter- PERICARDIOSTOMY

28

Atrial fibrillation is _____ in cattle

RARE

29

Atrial fibrillation may accompany ______ disease

GIT

30

Atrial fibrillation may be a sequelae to hypo________

hypocalcemia