Cattle Breeds and Terminology Flashcards Preview

RUSVM LAM II Practice Questions > Cattle Breeds and Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cattle Breeds and Terminology Deck (42)
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1

Adult male intact bovine

bull

2

Castrated male bovine less than 4 years old

Steer

3

Castrated male bovine over 4 years old

Ox

(reaches maturity around 4 years old when bones fuse)

4

Adult female bovine

Cow

5

Young female bovine, sometimes up to 4 years old, first or second

calving, usually a term applied to younger animals that have not

been bred yet

Heifer

6

 Naturally hornless (dominant characteristic):

Livestock without horns in species which are normally horned.

Polled (muley)

7

Naturally having horns (recessive characteristic)

Horned

8

Having rudimentary horns not attached to the skull

Scurred

9

Dairy cows have a ___________ shape

while

Beef cows have a _________ shape

Dairy cows have a triangle shape

while

Beef cows have a rectangle shape

10

Holstein Friesian and Jersey cows

are examples of dairy cows of the

Bos _________ species

Bos Taurus

11

Gir cattle is a brahman cattle breed

of dairy cows of the

Bos _________ species

Bos indicus

12

Water buffalo types of cows, used for mozzarella cheese

are dairy cows of the

Bos ________ species

Bos bubalus

13

What are the 2 most common British beef cattle breeds

of the species Bos Taurus?

Angus (Aberdeen Angus)

Hereford

14

What are the 2 most common European beef cattle breeds

of the species Bos Taurus?

Charolais

Blonde d'Aquitaine

15

Brahman type cattle of the Bos indicus species

have a hump, heavy dewlap, and pendulous sheath or underbelly.

They do not mature or calve until _____ years old

3 years old

(much slower than Bos taurus)

16

This english beef breed of North America

is usually black with smooth hair, polled, and perform well in

feedlots. Sometimes, they can be red (recessive gene)

 

Angus (Aberdeen angus)

17

This english beef breed of North America

is red with a white face and legs

Hereford

18

The cross between an Angus and Hereford is

known as a

Black Baldy

19

This major beef breed in North America

is the origin of over 30 other different breeds. Can

be red, white, or roan, and is one of the most common in Australia

Shorthorn/Polled Shorthorn

20

This major beef breed of North America

is used for crossing with other breeds, can be red or gray, is

heat and parasite tolerant, and has the ability to forage on poor pastures.

It is of the species Bos Indicus

Brahman

21

This french beef breed is

white and double-muscled, 

is used to cross-breed to get bigger animals with leaner carcasses,

and are genetically red, but a gene dilutes the red so they look white.

In NA, they are bred to be black.

Charolais

22

This french beef breed is red and white,

and double-muscled.

Maine-Anjou

23

This italian beef breed is the tallest breed

and is gray in color

Chianina

24

This italian beef breed

is gray and double-muscled

Piedmontese

25

This italian beef breed

is gray with a dewlap, a horned breed, and VERY hearty

Romagnola

26

This english beef breed of cattle

is brown, black, red, or dun, with a hairy coat.

They have long horns and can utilize poor forage.

They are bred to withstand harsh environments.

Scotch Highland

27

This english beef breed from Scotland is

black, red, or dun with a central white belt.

Most are black and have a characteristic face: broad across the top.

They are polled and have a curly coat.

Galloway/Belted Galloway

28

This french continental beef breed is dark red in color,

tolerates heat better than other colors,

and is popular in the western US for cross breeding

Salers

29

This swiss breed of beef cattle is red with a white face and markings,

bigger, with a different conformation from the hereford in that

it has straighter legs. They are known for having

good bone and leg structure (large feet)

Simmental

30

This swiss breed of beef cattle is used for "cow fights"

Eringer