Peak milk yield occurs at _____ weeks post-calving
Fatty Liver Syndrome has peak incidence from
_______ weeks post-partum
2 - 10 weeks
This syndrome is primarily seen in DAIRY cows
overfed during latter lactation or in those with a
long dry period
Fatty Liver Syndrome
What are the clinical signs seen in Fatty Liver Syndrome?
HIGH incidence of POST PARTUM disease
often accompanied by LEUKOPENIA
(often also have other issues like retained placenta or metritis)
How is Fatty Liver Syndrome treated?
50% glucose IV or 25% glucose/25% fructose IV
Protamine Zinc Insulin + Glucose
Choline + Niacin
PROPYLENE GLYCOL or SODIUM PROPRIONATE
ABx (for 2ndary infx)
______ ketosis occurs due to negative energy balance,
especially early in lactation
Secondary ketosis is related to ______, secondary to another dz
Which form of ketosis is most likely to be seen?
The nervous form of this condition in lactating cows occasionally occurs,
causing the cows to self-mutilate. Rabies is always a DDx for this.
What clinical signs do you expect to see with ketosis?
decreased appetite and milk production
some degree of hypocalcemia
odor of ketones on breath, urine, and in milk
What tests are used to diagnose ketosis?
Powder or Dipstick test
Ketones are more concentrated in _____ than in milk
What drugs are used to stimulate gluconeogenesis in the treatment
of bovine ketosis
What is the best treatment for bovine ketosis?
500 cc of 50% glucose RAPID IV
The cow utilizes _______% of the glucose its given
when treating ketosis with 500 cc of 50% glucose rapid IV
How do you prevent bovine ketosis?
Maintain proper BCS (3.5/5) from the dry period through calving
Pregnancy toxemia occurs more frequently in _______ cows and small ruminants
Parturient paresis is also known as
Which cow breeds are predisposed to milk fever?
Jersey and Guernsey
What calcium level do you expect to see in a Downer Cow?
What is the normal calcium level in a cow?
9 - 12 mg/dL
What happens if a non-lactating cow is fed a high calcium diet?
Parathyroid gland slows down and stops producing PTH,
resulting in decreased calcium mobilization
Milk fever can be the basis for abomasal displacement, metritis, mastitis,
or anything that has to do with failure of muscle movement of internal organs
You see a DOWN COW with COLD EARS.
What is your primary ddx?
Parturient Paresis (Milk Fever)
Stage _____ of Milk Fever happens very quickly and is often not seen.
It includes hypersensitivity, excitement, twitching, and incoordination
A cow in sternal recumbency with head to the side, and signs related to
lack of muscular activity (failure of defecation or urination, slightly bloated),
subnormal temperature and dilated pupils is in
this stage of MILK FEVER
In this stage of Milk Fever,
all muscles are flaccid, and cow is unable to remain in sternal recumbency,
so it falls into lateral recumbency.
It runs the risk of aspirating and dying
How is milk fever treated?
IV Calcium Borogluconate
One sign you may see in cows with milk fever is lack of a PLR
What is the first sign you see after treating a cow with milk fever
with IV Calcium Borogluconate to know your tx is working?