Antibiotics, Drug Use, Misuse, and Residues Flashcards Preview

RUSVM LAM II Practice Questions > Antibiotics, Drug Use, Misuse, and Residues > Flashcards

Flashcards in Antibiotics, Drug Use, Misuse, and Residues Deck (28)
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1

What does ELDU/ELUD stand for?

extra label drug use

2

What does VCPR stand for?

Vet-Client-Patient Relationship

3

What animals are considered "food animals"?

Cow

Sheep

Goat

Pig

4

Federal law prohibits the extra label drug use of this drug

in food animals

BAYTRIL!

5

What does AMDUCA stand for?

Animal Medicinal Drug Use Clarification Act

6

In order for a drug to be considered for extra label use (ELUD),

these 5 conditions must be met:

Valid VCPR

No labeled drug alternative is available

Adequate records kept by vet and client

Significantly prolonged withdrawal times

Properly labeled by a vet

7

There is NO extra-label privilege for ______ additives

feed

8

What does FARAD stand for?

Food Animal Residue Avoidance Database

9

Where can you find information about withdrawal times in

drugs used extra-labelly 

FARAD

10

Every tanker load of milk is tested for __________ antibiotics

before unloading at the milk plant

BETA LACTAM

11

What are the 5 Rights of Drug Use?

 

(If they mess this up call FARAD!)

Right patient

Right drug

Right time

Right route

Right dose

 

 

12

What 3 drugs are used as growth promotants in swine?

Lincomycin

Tylosin

Virginiamycin

13

What 2 drugs are used to treat respiratory disease in swine?

Tetracyclines

Pulmotil

14

What 2 drugs are used to treat ileitis in swine?

Tylosin

Lincomycin

15

Which 3 drugs are BANNED from use in dairy animals?

Sulfamethazine

Sulfonamides

Tetracyclines (as feed additives)

16

Which 12 drugs are BANNED from use in food animals?

Chloramphenicol, Clenbuterol

Diethystilbestrol (DES)

Dimetridazole, Ipronidazole, Nitromidazole-Metronidazole (Flagyl)

Furazolidone, Nitrofurazone

Fluoroquinolones (Baytril)

Glycopeptides (Vancomycin)

Dipyrone

Phenylbutazone

17

You cannot use this drug in dry dairy cows or veal calves

Flunixin Meglumine

18

Cattle must not be slaughtered for human consumption within

____ days of the last treatment of FLUNIXIN MEGLUMINE,

and milk for human consumption can only be used after

__________ hours of the last treatment with Flunixin.

Cattle must not be slaughtered for human consumption within

4 days of the last treatment of FLUNIXIN MEGLUMINE,

and milk for human consumption can only be used after

36 hours of the last treatment with Flunixin.

19

You, as a licensed vet, decided to dose Penicillin 

at 4.5 mL/100lbs. The label says 1 mL/100 lbs.

Is this illegal?

NO! Just extralabel!

20

__________

in female dairy cattle >20 months old is illegal,

but it is legal in a female dairy cow that is 19 months old!

Phenylbutazone

21

Enrofloxacin is commonly known as _______

and extralabel use of it is ILLEGAL!!!!

Baytril

22

Danofloxacin is commonly known as ________

and extralabel use is ILLEGAL!

A180

23

You must be careful when prescribing this drug to backyard clients

because it can KILL PEOPLE.

It is indicated in treating Bovine Resp. Dz, and Seminal vesiculitis

Tilmicosin (Micotil)

=

FATAL INJECTIONS IN HUMANS

24

This new ABx is not labeled for use in female dairy cows >20 months old

and is used to treat certain cattle and swine respiratory diseases.

1 shot of this LASTS 7 DAYS!

Draxxin (Tulathromycin-Erythromycin cousin)

25

Zuprevo (MACROLIDE) is ONLY

labeled for use in CATTLE.

MEAT withdrawal time = ________ days

21 days meat withdrawal from Zuprevo Macrolide

26

This broad spectrum Abx has a LONG withdrawal period

of 1.5 YEARS!

Gentamicin

27

What does VFD stand for?

Veterinary Feed Directive

28

What are VFD drugs?

Animal drugs intended for use in or on animal feed

that require the supervision and written statement of a licensed

veterinarian for authorization of use.